Current Trend in Environmental Education in India


By

Dr. N. Subburaj
Professor
Department of Management Studies
St. Michael College of Engineering and Technology
KalayarKoil-630551, Tamilnadu
 


INTRODUCTION:

The environment has become an important factor in the decision making process of all human beings around the world.  Environmental issues are becoming more complex and interconnected.  Traditional ways of addressing environmental issues in a reactive manner are proving to be highly inefficient.  Environmental governance is the exercise of authority over natural resources and the environment.  There are many aspects of governance and politics, which are tremendous relevance to the management of the environment.  Control over natural resources should be seen as a major political issue with important ramifications for the long-term stability of the political system.

ENV-GOVERNANCE:

The core issue of environment governance is the way societies deal with environmental problems.  It concerns interactions among formal and informal institutions and actors within society that influence how environmental problems are identified and framed.  It enabled not only governments but also various other actors to form norms and or rules for solving problems on their own.

THERMAL POLLUTION:

Thermal Pollution is most community used to describe discharge of waste heat from thermal generation of electric power or from industrial processes into natural bodies of water.  Effluent having a significant on the temperature of river may affect oxygen content of the water.  Warmer water contains less oxygen (14 ppm at 00 C and 1 ppm at 200C).  Rapid temperature charges produce thermal shocks and result immediate death of fishes; heat will accelerate the decomposition processes taking place in water.  As the temperature of water increases, the viscosity decreases, the vapour pressure increases and solubility of gases in water decreases.

FLORA AND FAUNA:

The effects of Thermal Pollution on both aquatic and terrestrial flora and fauna are more.  The discharge of unutilized heat from various power plants into the cooling water systems and the consequences of heated effluents on ecology, stratification, potentiating processes of uptake and degradation of organic matter need attention of scientists, environmentalist and government.

FOREST RESOURCES:

The natural resources are the materials, which living organisms can take from nature for the sustenance of their life:  Natural Resources can be classified into

1. Inexhaustible Natural Resources

2. Replaceable and Maintainable Natural Resources

3. Irreplaceable Natural Resources Forest comes under 'Replaceable and Maintainable Natural Resources.

Approximately one third of the earth's total land area is covered by forests.  Forests are the valuable wealth of a country.  Forests have the functions like.

1. Productive function
2. Protective functions
3. Regulative function.

India had abundant forests in ancient times.  But increase in population, lack of foresight and unplanned feeling have drastically reduced the area and quality of forests in India today.  In India, the per capita forests area available is far below the average for the world.  If the current (more than 10 million ha. Per year) rate of deforestation continues, it is feared that the remaining tropical forests may disappear within a century.

KINDS OF POLLUTION:

Environmental Education in schools and colleges is possible because it can be imparted with the teaching of certain subjects like science, social studies and civics.  Students who learn environmental education in their institutions would be able to spread it to people who live around them.  Nature is our mother.  She provides us all facilities to lead a comfortable and peaceful life.  She brings us rain.  She feeds the human beings who are her children.  The plants, trees, bushes and the grains we grow, all belong to nature yet main is not grateful to nature.  Pollution means making things dirty.  Any undesirable physical, chemical or biological change caused to land, water, air and other natural resources is termed as pollution.
 

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Source: E-mail December 10, 2010

          

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