Optimum Performance of Women Employee at Work Environment by Reduce and Manage Stress


By

Shweta Garg
(Lecturer MBA College)
Lecturer, Ph.D. from Jodhpur National University, Jodhpur
 


Abstract

Women Employee's Stress can be managed if some efforts are made in a smart manner. Therefore make an attempt to discover the healthy change for women. When women employee feel overwhelmed, they lose confidence and become irritable or withdrawn, making them less productive and effective and their work less rewarding. If the warning signs of work stress in women employee go unattended, they can lead to bigger problems. Beyond interfering with job performance and satisfaction, chronic or intense stress can also lead to physical and emotional health problems in women employee.

My work helped in offering advice and tips to women employee for reduce and manage stress in her life so she can perform well in her job. This paper looks into the modern age stress prevalent in the life of women employee at the work place. It brings out the factors causing stress at the work place in women employee, what women employee do to reduce it, and suggestions that may improve the performance levels at the same time. It is vital that the issue of stress in the workplace in women employee is addressed. The paper includes outcome of a sample survey done on women employee from different vocations and their views on the topic. Survey of women employee has been conducted during November 2009 to January 2010 form various companies (at least   8-10) in nearer areas of Bhilwara District in Rajasthan.

1. Introduction

Women's work Stress is a subjective experience: it can be explained as pressure upon a women's employee psychological system which arises out of complexity or intensity of her work life. Stress in Women basically upon a psychological set up, it also in turn affects her physical and behavioral system so she can't give optimum performance to the organization.

How the individual woman employee responds to the stressor will depend on her personality, her perceptions, and her past experience. Some stress on women is necessary in that it assists them in achieving both work and personal goals. However, too much stress in women can make those goals harder to achieve. Every Woman responds differently to stress. But Some Woman employee functions well under significant stress while other doesn't. A women worker's ability to cope with increasing workplace stress is also affected by the amount of stress they are subjected to from stressors outside of the workplace. Trouble at home may reduce their ability to cope with pressure at work.

Stress is the reaction on Women Employee has to excessive pressure. The rapid pace of life today and everyone increased expectations mean that women have to tolerate more pressure now than ever before. She get used to living with stress, and strive to meet ever-increasing amounts while wondering why she do not seem able to get the pleasure out of life that she once did. More often than not this is because they fail to realize that stress needs to be handled. Women stress is a condition arising from the interaction of people and their jobs and characterized by changes within people that force them to deviate from her normal functioning.

Women stress can manifest itself in both a positive way and a negative way. It is positive when the situation offers an opportunity for her to gain something and it is negative when stress is associated with social, physical, organizational and emotional problems. Too much stress is might lead to decline in performance of the individual. Thus overall productivity and quality will suffer leading to reduced margin of profit. Stress in the workplace reduces productivity, increases management pressures, and makes people ill in many ways, evidence of which is still increasing. Workplace stress affects the performance of the brain, including functions of work performance; memory, concentration, and learning. For optimum performance of women employee in workplace she has to reduce and manage her stress.

2. Rational of Research Work

Women and Men both are responding differently to stress. Women also report having more to worry about each day. Men on average worried about three things on a daily basis (their immediate family, job and money). Women worried about up to 12 things including their immediate family, job and money, but also their extended family, the home, the social and academic lives of the children, social connections with neighbors and friends, and more…

Women may suffer from mental and physical harassment at workplaces, apart from the common job stress.

Sexual harassment in workplace has been a major source of worry for women, since long. Sexual harassment refers to unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature that affects the job related performance of an employee adversely.

One example of Sexual harassment is the Male supervisor threatening to fire a Female employee if she fails to accept his sexual advances. Job stress is a chronic disease caused by conditions in the workplace that negatively affect an individual's performance and/or overall well-being of his body and mind. One or more of a host of physical and mental illnesses manifests job stress. In some cases, job stress can be disabling. In chronic cases a psychiatric consultation is usually required to validate the reason and degree of work related stress.

Common workplace stressors for women employee

Examples of possible causes of stress are as follows.

Threats:- Threats, such as

  • Risk of harm caused by working in unsafe conditions
  • The possibility of dismissal
  • The rate of change
  • The uncertainty of change
  • Poor interpersonal relationships with supervisors or co-workers
  • Harassment from others
  • Discrimination.

Pressure:- Pressure to

  • Meet unreasonable deadlines
  • Adopt new technology
  • Adapt to certain management styles
  • Accept new goals and targets
  • Comply with unreasonable proposals
  • Accept and act upon performance feedback

Frustration:- Frustration from

  • Poor workplace communication and consultation
  • Lack of acknowledgment in the workplace that a stressor exists
  • Lack of acknowledgment of the individual's achievements
  • Being passed over for promotion
  • Not being suited for, or properly trained for a job.

Major stress Major stress can be caused by

  • Personal loss, such as the death of a loved one or the end of a relationship
  • Threat of physical danger
  • A major industrial accident
  • Loss of job

Women Employee's Stress can be managed if some efforts are made in a smart manner. Therefore make an attempt to discover the healthy change for women. My work helped in offering advice and tips to women employee for reduce and manage stress in her life so she can perform well in her job.

3. AIMS & SCOPE OF PRESENT WORK:

Every Woman has multiple roles to perform successfully. A woman is work as Mother, Wife, Boss, Junior, and Friend and so on. In her diverse roles she comes into contact with stress as it is difficult to perform equally well in all diverse role. For example she has to face role ambiguity, poor communications, role conflicts and overloads of different roles. Home life certainly impacts ones attitudes and performance at work.

Death of spouse, injury to ones child, war, failure in school or at work, an unplanned pregnancy and similar other life events can be stress full. Woman Stress could bring with itself a whole set of lifestyle diseases like blood pressure, diabetes and lack of sleep. Common medical problems resulting from too much stress include headache, backache, ulcers and related stomach and intestinal disorders and skin conditions such as acne and hives.

In an attempt to get relief from such conditions people try to reduce stress. As she learns to manage her job stress and improve her work relationships and performance, she'll have more control over her ability to think clearly and act appropriately. It is imperative to understand that women stress can never be eliminated it can only be reduced by various methods. Stress factor in woman are additive.

It is necessary to control women stress in the initial stage itself. To have a balanced approach to understanding work stress in women employee, it is necessary to recognize that employment provides rewards that are both internal (intrinsic) and external (extrinsic), (e.g., skill development, self-esteem, money, variety from domestic surroundings, social contacts, and personal identity). Although increasing the rewards of work can offset its stressful aspects, the physical environment and the psychosocial conditions of employment can have deleterious effects on women employees' mental and physical well-being.

How well a person will cope with occupational stress will depend on

  • The extent to which she fell threatened by the stressor.
  • The actions she know that she can take to reduce the impact of the stressor.
  • Her expectations as to how she will be able to cope with the stressor.

The number of women employee's compensation claims being made is increasing and the cost of them to the organization, not just in compensation, but also in lost productivity, is considerable. Many employers are now also taking positive action to prevent occupational stress and the high costs it can occur.

4. Strategies for Reducing Stress for Women Employee

Time management Tips for Reducing Job Stress in Women Employee

  • Create a balanced schedule. Analyze your schedule, responsibilities, and daily tasks. All work and no play is a recipe for burnout. Try to find a balance between work and family life, social activities and solitary pursuits, daily responsibilities and downtime.
  • Don't over-commit yourself. Avoid scheduling things back-to-back or trying to fit too much into one day. All too often, we underestimate how long things will take. If you've got too much on your plate, distinguish between the "shoulds" and the "musts." Drop tasks that aren't truly necessary to the bottom of the list or eliminate them entirely.
  • Try to leave earlier in the morning. Even 10-15 minutes can make the difference between frantically rushing to your desk and having time to ease into your day. Don't add to your stress levels by running late.
  • Plan regular breaks. Make sure to take short breaks throughout the day to sit back and clear your mind. Also try to get away from your desk for lunch. Stepping away from work to briefly relax and recharge will help you be more, not less, productive.

Task management tips for reducing job stress

  • Prioritize tasks. Make a list of tasks you have to do, and tackle them in order of importance. Do the high-priority items first. If you have something particularly unpleasant to do, get it over with early. The rest of your day will be more pleasant as a result.
  • Break projects into small steps. If a large project seems overwhelming, make a step-by-step plan. Focus on one manageable step at a time, rather than taking on everything at once.
  • Delegate responsibility. You don't have to do it all yourself, whether at home, school, or on the job. If other people can take care of the task, why not let them? Let go of the desire to control or oversee every little step. You'll be letting go of unnecessary stress in the process.

Early Intervention is the Key to effective stress management for Women Employee Once a manager becomes aware that a women worker is exhibiting signs of stress, they should take urgent action to address the issue. How a stress situation is managed will influence the length of a women worker's absence and any consequent costs. If no effort is made to intervene early and resolve issues, especially if the women worker takes time off, the case may be difficult to resolve. Early intervention can include conflict resolution, mediation, and changes to workload or counseling from the Women Employee Assistance Scheme. But most importantly, the effective manager will need to try and understand why a particular women employee is responding to a certain stressor in a way that is causing harm. It will be the manager's response to the women employees stress response that will be a critical factor in successfully resolving the problem.
 

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Source: E-mail January 21, 2011

          

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