IQ, EQ and SQ: A Way to Accelerate Leadership


By

Navya V
Asst. Professor (Finance)
Chinmaya Institute of Technology
School of Management Studies
Kannur
 


Abstract

The changing scenario demands a high level of commitment and contribution from the leadership. The leader of a group or an organization usually act as a driver who steers the organization and its members towards success by taking the right decision on time. The role of Intelligence quotient,emotional quotient and spiritual quotient in identifying and accelerating the success of a leadership has become significant. High level of IQ,EQ and SQ makes a person alive,dynamic,sociable,innovative and performing. While IQ allows a person to analyze "what is" which primarily helps him to solve logical problems,EQ determines "how to adapt" with the changing environment with self awareness,empathy,motivation and compassion and SQ "transforms" oneself and others , heal relationships,cope with grief and move beyond conditioned habits of the path. Emotional quotient  and Spiritual quotient can be developed through training which helps in a cognitive decision making, reduced stress and the ability to motivate and guide the group members and to enhance one's leadership qualities.

Introduction

Leadership identified as the process of influencing people and governing their aid and support in accomplishing a common task demands a higher degree of potential ,commitment, vision , performance and effectiveness. An improvisation of these qualities definitely contribute to an efficient and effective leadership. The search for the real characteristics or traits of a leader was the theme taken up by several scholars from the ancient period itself. Several theories have been propounded by various thinkers attributing leadership qualities to the genetic traits , propounding leaders are born but not made, and they inherit the qualities of a good leader such as intelligence , dominance , adaptability , persistence , integrity etc compared to a non leader. The areas such as intelligence quotient , emotional quotient and spiritual quotient paved the way to boosting up one's leadership efficiency.

Intelligence

It can be defined as a true biologically based mental faculty that can be studied by measuring a person's reaction time to cognitive tasks (Francis Galton , 1869).It is defined as a very general mental capability that among the other things , involves the ability to reason , plan , solve problems , think abstractly , comprehend complex ideas , learn quickly and learn from experience. It reflects a broader and deeper capability for comprehending our surroundings(Mainstream science on intelligence-1994).Intelligence quotient is the score obtained from the standardized tests conducted to measure intelligence. Person scoring high in this scale is said have higher degree of intelligence. Environmental factors play a crucial role in the development and enhancement of IQ. While IQ is treated as an end to itself , its relation with areas or outcomes like job performance , leadership capabilities , wise decision making , logical adaptability etc are also recognized. IQ could play a role in designing of formulas and /or blue prints that will be used as a part of the space shuttle as work like that typically is attributed to ones capabilities of high technical analysis and synthesizing. Intelligence is a description of how well an individual can mentally do something. Intelligence involves thought process that comprehends one to do the work effectively , think abstractly , ability to solve problems and reasoning skills.

How intelligence quotient is associated with ones leadership qualities can be associated with the degree to which a leader is able to use his faculty of reason the ability to learn from experience , otherwise to acquire,to retain knowledge and to respond successfully to new situations- to guide or show others to an effective course of action or thought(Webster's New World Dictionary of American Language-1990).To start on with the self assessment , a leadership IQ Self assessment (LIQ)has to be considered first ; which paves way to understanding one's key competencies required for high leadership IQ. This is then followed by a development guide which aims at self improvement. The seven development procedure is as follows:

1. Be an achiever
2. Be pragmatic
3. Practice strategic humility
4. Be customer focused
5. Be committed
6. Be a learned optimist
7. Be responsible

These principles form the foundation upon which the architecture of achievement could be built.

Emotional Intelligence

It is an associative form of thinking which links one's emotion with another , emotions with physical feelings , emotions with the environment. All the forms of associative learning is built upon the basis of trial and error. It is also an experience based learning -if one recognizes a consistent successful way of performing a work, more one tend to perform it that way. It is a response to certain stimuli which are more or less habit bound. Associated thinking helps one to deal with ambiguous or complex situations. It is more flexible , but in some cases , inaccurate than serial thinking. One can relearn an emotional thinking , but is time bound and needs proper direction and training.Since associative thinking is said to be tacit in nature , it cannot be shared at all times and one needs to learn by himself/herself.EQ are told , accounts for more than 85%of the exceptional achievers. More complex the task , more important is the level of EQ. The hallmarks of EQ are Self awareness , Self management ,Social awareness and Social skills. Those with high EQ are motivated , self disciplined , aspire to excellence , continually requiring upgrading skills , learning and adding value.
 

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Source: E-mail February 1, 2011

          

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