In the current globalized competitive world, each company looks for the best talent around. Henceforth, there prevails a situation where, only talented employees can alone be ensured with
admirable career opportunities in the world class organizations. Therefore the Indian corporate have to come up with exciting packages so as to ensure that the highly-talented pool can become a part of their excellent functioning.
At the same time they expect their talented employees to be loyal and committed to them in order to be competent in the current global business environment. Consequently they have started ensuring the commitment and loyalty through
a variety of retention tactics. So that 'Employee Branding', is used to internalize the desired brand image and are motivated to project the image to customers and other organizational constituents. It ensures a sense of
belongingness in the people and this makes them to play an integral role in the achievement of success. Since employee brand is the value of a company that exists in the corporate, one can say that in the present scenario, one of
the goals of a company is certainly related to employee branding which is to achieve customer satisfaction. In this paper the authors spotlight the significance, modes and various strategies followed by the Indian corporate in
Key words: core values, employee branding talent management, competitive intelligence, engagement, etc.
In the current competitive globalized world,
every company seeks to have the best talent and hence the average employees find it extremely hard to get into any company. But best talents always have significant opportunities in the world class companies with electrifying
packages. Consequently world class companies today need to create an employee brand to attract and retain the talented employees towards them. Employee branding is actually an image that the company makes of itself in the minds of
many that it is the best place to get employed at. It ensures a sense of belongingness in the people and this makes the employees play an integral role in the achievement of success. One can also introduce employee branding as one
of the core values of an organization to retain the talent workforce, since employees today are different and significant. They have excellent
opportunities in hand and as soon as they feel dissatisfied with the current job, they switch over to the next. Hence, it is the responsibility of the employer to retain their best employees through elegant retention strategies and
if they do not retain them, then they would be left with no good employees.
CONCEPT OF EMPLOYEE BRANDING
A brand is more than the name given to a
product, service, or organization; it embodies a wholes set of physical and socio-psychological attributes and beliefs (Simoes and Dibb, 2001). Employee branding is a specific kind of identity regulation by an organization, through
which employees are directed to develop self-images and work orientations that are deemed congruent with managerially defined objectives (Willmott, 1993; Alvesson and Willmott, 2002; Sveningsson and Alvesson, 2003). It is the
process by which employees internalize the desired brand image and are motivated to project that image to the guests. It takes the organizational brand – the characteristics and attributes that the organization wants to project
about itself—and impresses it upon the employees.
EMPLOYER BRANDING VS EMPLOYEE BRANDING
Employer branding is all about creating a sense of place. It is the practice of establishing the character or reputation
of an organization as a place to work, primarily by aligning recruiting and external HR practices with the 'brand', reputation of identity that the organization wants to have. The managers try to create a sense of best working
environment to attract not only potential employees, but more specifically the kind of employees who will fit well within the organization.
But employee branding is a different practice altogether. It is all about
influencing the behavior of organization members. It is the practice of 'aligning' an employee's behavior and often the employee's point of view with the image that the organization wants to project to its customers and external
stakeholders. It can be considered as a tactic for generating 'on brand' behavior that the organization wants as part of its reputation or brand. It attempts to influence the interactions between employees within the organization
as well as between employees and external stakeholders. The idea is that an organization can strengthen its claim to the attributes it desires when employees demonstrate these attributes.
Employee branding projects are
becoming increasingly important business tool to help companies stay ahead of other competitors. For this reason HR heads are increasing the number of specialist support managers leading employer brand projects within their
departments. It must be remembered that employee branding is actually the image of an organization for the people working in the organization. It is this reputation that the companies make of themselves inside their premises that
are also carried outside to the passive candidates, the customers, the clients and also the others who are affected by the proceedings of the company. Hence, it is very clear that within the company, employee branding is done to
attract the employees, and also for their subsequent retention in times to come so as to improve the company's image of employee branding. The management of every country has to understand a very simple fact that it can't lay a
narrow focus on the employee branding. If this is done, it would only be a departmental project and would not have been entitled to be a part of the overall business strategy of the company. One must keep another fact clear that if
employee branding is only considered to be a part of the recruitment process and then given the back seat, there will be too many cases of absenteeism resulting in subsequent resignations at frequent intervals.
EMPLOYEE BRANDING PROGRAMME
Employee branding programs are intended to impress brand attributes onto the work behavior of employees, who are then expected to infuse brand attributes throughout their work (Ind, 2001;
Mitchell, 2002; Miles and Mangold, 2004). Branded employees are expected to project the brand's identity through all of their behavior, including their demeanor, appearance, and manner of interacting with customers. Indian
companies follow many tools and strategies to brand themselves and their employees. Employee branding programs include
- Regular job training
- Training in customer service or customer interaction,
- Corporate orientation
- Education in the corporate brand
- Ongoing training
- Performance evaluation
- Rewards systems that support the employees' display of on brand behaviors
SIGNIFICANCE AND BENEFITS OF BRANDING THE EMPLOYEES
In spite of pursuing all the characteristics of employee branding, many companies have generally considered it as a shortcut for getting the best
talent available in the environment. But it is fact that if one takes good care of her/his guests, definitely the guest will become hers/his and will continue to be loyal with her/him. Every organization must understand this fact
very clearly that the organization's core values are defined by the extent of being productive and responsive towards the customers. In other words it is a common belief that if a company takes cares of the people it affects; these
people would certainly take care of the company.
The benefits of branding are: improved recruiting, retention, employee satisfaction and pride, management practices, increased media exposure due to being on
"best-place-to-work lists", and increased word of mouth exposure. In addition to the above, branding:
- Showcases ones organization and highlights organization as a great place to work.
- Gives the organization a distinctive competitive edge in the labor market.
- Improves recruitment and retention.
- Builds a positive image of your organization and motivates potential "best" applicants to apply for jobs there.
- Increases employee satisfaction and pride in being an employee of your organization.
- Develops a deeper understanding of the leadership perception of the current and desired employment experience.
- Creates improved/increased/effective relationships between managers and employees.
- Promotes management practices that are respected by employees (values/goals of organization are promoted, modeled and reinforced).
- Helps sustain growth, accommodates attrition and adds new skills and talents to your organization.
- Helps maintain and/or improve diversity in the workforce.
ROLE OF THE TOP MANAGEMENT IN EMPLOYEE BRANDING
It is extremely important for a company to have its top management converse about the employee brands in the earlier stages of the development of the same.
The Employee brand Institute which suggests that it is highly positive for a company's future prospects to get involved with the key stakeholders on this issue. These issues can include the following:
- The support of employee branding in development of the business strategy
- The culture of the organization and its consistency across the globe
- The perception of the organization both internally and externally
- The channels of communication for bottom-up and vice versa
- The most critical positions of success and the extent to which the company has gone in achieving the same
All the above stated can be with respect to the attraction of the employees towards the organization in achieving the organization's goals and finally the removal of policies of absenteeism and turnover from the
organization to achieve maximum retention of employees.
The management has to consider stages in the employee life cycle such as Recruiting, Interviewing, Selecting, Training, Developing, Incenting, Retaining and Separating
when building the brand for themselves and their employees. Things have changed over the last two decades. Few decades before employees showed up, performed the job, went home and were happy to have a job. They tolerated old school
attitudes. Ten years ago they started keeping an eye open for better job openings, started standing up for their rights and responded well to those employers who just said, 'thank you'. But today's employees are loyal only to those
who inspire and develop with compassion. New generation of employees possess the following attributes:
- Individuality is a priority
- They are visual learners (75% of everything we learn is visual)
- They have short attention spans
- They are technologically savvy
- They are socially conscious
MODES OF DISCOVERING EMPLOYEE BRAND
Employee branding strategy can be developed by making a grasp of the culture followed in the organization, the work experiences of candidates, the drivers of talent,
external perspectives of the organization, vision of the organization, the leadership issues and the management practices. If a company focuses on these areas for discovering its employee branding, it would be able to construct a
message platform which would have the characteristics of being the most authenticated, of a compelling nature and also distinguished. This systematic procedure would also be held perfectly in the internal organization.
There are also various ways of carrying the development program of employee branding. These are both quantitative and qualitative research. This can be in the form of focusing on groups, conducting interviews of leaders and also
meetings and seminars. One can also gather competitive intelligence in the process.