Factories Act, 1948


By

Naga Pavani. S
MBA Department
AMC Engineering College
Bangalore
 


OBJECTIVE OF THE ACT:

The Act has been enacted primarily with the object of protecting workers employed in factories against industrial and occupational hazards.

For that purpose, it seeks to impose upon the owner or the occupier certain obligations to protect the workers and to secure for them employment in conditions conductive to their health and safety. 

APPLICABILITY OF THE ACT:

At any place wherein manufacturing process is carried on with or without the aid of power or is so ordinarily carried on, not with standing that:

* The number of persons employed therein is less than ten, if working with the aid of power and less than twenty if working without the aid of power, or 

* The persons working therein are not employed by the owner thereof but are working with the permission of, or under agreement with, such owner. 

Main points

* Health
* Safety
* Welfare
* Working Hours Of Adults

Annual Leave With wages

HEALTH

* 11 - Cleanliness
* 12 - Disposal of wastes and effluents
* 13 - Ventilation and temperature
* 14 - Dust and fume
* 15 - Artificial humidification
* 16 - Overcrowding
* 17 - Lighting
* 18 - Drinking water
* 19 - Latrines and urinals
* 20 - Spittoons

SAFETY

* 21 - Fencing of machinery
* 22 - Work on or near machinery in motion
* 23 - Employment of young persons on dangerous machines.
* 24 - Striking gear and devices for cutting off power
* 25 - Self-acting machines
* 26 - Casing of new machinery
* 27 - Prohibition of employment of women and children near cotton-openers
* 28 - Hoists and lifts
* 29 - Lifting machines, chains, ropes and lifting tackles
* 30 - Revolving machinery
* 31 - Pressure plant
* 32 - Floors, stairs and means of access
* 33 - Pits, sumps openings in floors, etc
* 34 - Excessive weights
* 35 - Protection of eyes.
* 36 - Precautions against dangerous fumes, gases
* 36A - Precautions regarding the use of portable electric light.
* 37 - Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc
* 38 - Precautions in case of fire
* 39 - Power to require specifications of defective parts or tests of stability
* 40 - Safety of buildings and machinery
* 40A - Maintenance of buildings
* 40B - Safety Officers
* 41 - Power to make rules to supplement this Chapter

WELFARE

* 42 - Washing facilities
* 43 - Facilities for storing and drying clothing
* 44 - Facilities for sitting
* 45 - First-aid appliances
* 46 - Canteens
* 47 - Shelters, rest rooms and lunch rooms
* 48 - Cr?ches
* 49 - Welfare officers

WORKING HOURS FOR ADULTS

* 51 - Weekly hours
* 52 - Weekly holidays
* 53 - Compensatory holidays
* 54 - Daily hours
* 55 - Intervals for rest
* 56 - Spread over
* 57 - Night shifts
* 58 - Prohibition of overlapping shifts
* 59 - Extra wages for overtime
* 60 - Restriction on double employment
* 61 - Notice of periods of work for adults
* 62 - Register of adult workers
* 63 - Hours of work to correspond with notice under section 61 and register under section 62.
* 64 - Power to make exempting rules
* 65 - Power to make exempting orders
* 66 - Further restrictions on employment of women

ANNUAL LEAVE FOR WAGES

* 78 - Application of Chapter
* 79 - Annual leave with wages
* 80 - Wages during leave period
* 81 - Payment in advance in certain cases
* 82 - Mode of recovery of unpaid wages
* 83 - Power to make rules
* 84 - Power to exempt factories
 


Naga Pavani. S
MBA Department
AMC Engineering College
Bangalore
 

Source: E-mail December 28, 2011

          

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