Requirement of Total Quality Management
(A Case Study of Teams in Indian Premier League)


By

Javed Alam Sheikh
Sr. Lecturer
Ghanshyam Binani Academy of Management Sciences
Mirzapur
 


ABSTRACTS

India is the country where the cricket is like a religion and everybody is fond of playing or watching it. So many matches are being organized here and the latest addition is the Indian Premier League (IPL) which is the composition of the world top class professional players playing for their sponsored teams in a situation of cross cultural and cross national teammates in totally different environment before different spectators. Despite so many differences the basic expectation from them are the same when they play for their national team with a passion of winning the laurels for their nations. In the IPL things become different where the vision, mission, objectives tactics etc needs to be shared with each and every member of their respective teams. This article tries to explore the possibilities and the advantages of implementing the TQM concepts in every IPL teams for not only achieving the above mentioned objectives but also for the removal of weakness as it is believed that if every members of the team is not understanding/performing its role it will not be more than a herd.

INTRODUCTION

The Indian Premier League (IPL) is a professional league for Twenty20 cricket championship in India. It was initiated by the Board of Control for Cricket in India, currently contested by nine teams, consisting of players from around the world, The IPL inspired various international T20 leagues including the MiWay T20 Challenge (South Africa) , the Big Bash League (Australia), and the Bangladesh Premier League (Bangladesh)
.

In 2010, the IPL became the first sporting event ever to be broadcast live on YouTube in association with Indiatimes. Its brand value is estimated to be around US$3.67 billion in fourth season. According to the Annual Review of Global Sports Salaries by sportingintelligence.com, IPL is the second highest-paid league, based on first-team salaries on a pro rata basis, second only to the NBA. It is estimated that the average salary of an IPL player over a year would be $3.95 million. 1.

TEAM IN IPL-THE COMPOSITION RULE

As cricket being the team game so the first requirement is for the formation of team which is usually refers to a small task group in the members have a common purpose, interdependent roles and complementary skills. Composition of cricket team in IPL is governed by the rules given below to its franchiser.

m A franchise can acquire a player in the annual auction, buying domestic players, signing uncapped players, through trading, and buying replacements.
m Minimum squad strength of 16 players plus one physio and a coach.
m No more than 11 foreign players in the squad and maximum 4 foreign players should be in the playing eleven.
m Minimum of 14 Indian players must be included in each squad.
m A minimum of 6 players from the BCCI under-22 pool in each squad.

TEAMS IN IPL- THE CROSS FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS

On the basis of above mentioned rules it may be said that this is a team of cross functional type as the team usually includes representatives from each of the functional sub units like the (batsman, bowler, etc) who are from the country as well as outside of the country. The team is given responsibilities for planning and conducting a complex activity that requires considerable coordination, cooperation and joint problem solving approach the membership may be stable over the life of the team, or it may be change. Let's see some more characteristics of cricket teams in IPLó

m Diversity of members in functional background is very high.
m Autonomy to determine mission and objectives are ranging from low to moderate.
m Authority of the internal leader is ranging from moderate to high.
m Autonomy to decide work procedures is very high.
m Duration of existence for the team ranges from moderate to high.
m Stability of the membership ranges from low to moderate. 

PROS AND CONS OF THE CROSS FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS

m This cross functional teams offer many potential benefits to all the stake holders, allowing the efficient deployment of personnel and resources to solve the problem as they are discovered.
m Working on a cross-functional team (cross- cultural, cross- nations) helps members learn to view a problem or challenge from different perspectives, rather than from only a narrow functional view point, the young player are getting a wider world class learning session in this IPL and will definitely prove their inherent talent at the time of their selection in the national Indian cricket team.
m The functional and the cultural diversity of the members increase the communication barrier.

REQUIRMENT OF TQM FOR TEAMS IN IPL

As mentioned above the pros and cons of teams in IPL is concerned and the Cross-functional teams are not always successful as it requires an effective leadership is required to meet the challengers with the resources they have. So it forces us to think for the adoption of total quality management. The esemblances between the team upheld the requirements of TQM implementation.

RESEMBLENCE BETWEEN TEAM AND TQM

ABBREVEATION OF TEAM

ABBREVEATION OF TQM

TOTAL

TOTAL  ( Everyone associated in the team is involved in continuous improvement)

EFFORTS

QUALITY (Stake holders stated and implied requirements are fully met)

BY ALL MEMBERS

MANAGEMENT (Players must be fully committed)

KEY ELEMENTS FOR SUCCESS THROUGH TQM IMPLEMENTATION IN IPL TEAMS

PARAMETERS

DESCRIPTION

FOUNDATION

Ethics, integrity and trust are the foundation builders which tell the code of conduct, the moral values and the honesty and creating the byproduct of integrity and the ethics i.e. the trust. This all will help the edifice of team in standing properly despite of the differences.

BUILDING BLOCKS

The training, the team work and the leadership style are the building blocks of this of team which support the more strength. Teamwork by bringing people together, facilitating the communication among the members telling their role and making them aware of the consequences of poor quality of work they perform.

BINDING MORTAR

Communication binds everyone in the team spreading out the vision and mission. It also strengthens the Strategic commitment and improvement in the quality which is necessary for achieving the overall goals of the team.

ROOF

Recognition is the last and final aspects in the entire system of TQM, it also provide a continuous cycle of ascertaining and meeting the requirements, obtaining the feedback, measuring the success and probing the areas where further improvements can be made.


OUTCOME-The edifice of team will sustain for the longer time with the fulfillment of every stakeholders expectation by removing all the hurdles in their way of success.
 


Javed Alam Sheikh
Sr. Lecturer
Ghanshyam Binani Academy of Management Sciences
Mirzapur
 

Source: E-mail April 25, 2012

          

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