A Case Study on Depression


Ms. Sneha Dipak Dave


The life is a beautiful gift which has been provided to mankind by God. In life persons passes through many phases. it may be age factor, loss of near ones, loss of job/ business, financial crises etc. there are many people who can easily come out of this phases of life but there are some people who due to not having strong mental power and highly emotionality goes into depression.

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, major depressive disorder is characterized by a combination of symptoms that interfere with a person's ability to work, sleep, study, eat, and enjoy once-pleasurable activities.

The case study includes two examples where the persons have suffered from depression and survived. The case is about a lady and a boy. How they have survived from the depression.


Depression is of many types. It can be post partum depression or it can be Chronic Depression or Dysthymia or Atypical Depression, Bipolar Depression or Manic Depression Seasonal Depression (SAD), Psychotic Depression, Postpartum Depression.

There are times you may feel sad, lonely, or hopeless for a few days. But major depression -- clinical depression -- lasts longer and is disabling. It can prevent you from functioning normally. An episode of clinical depression may occur only once in a person's lifetime. More often, though, it recurs throughout a person's life.

In addition, with major depression, one of the symptoms must be either depressed mood or loss of interest. The symptoms should be present daily or for most of the day or nearly daily for at least two weeks. Also, the depressive symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in functioning. The symptoms cannot be due to the direct effects of a substance -- drug abuse, medications -- or a medical condition, such as hypothyroidism, nor occur within two months of the loss of a loved one.

Chronic depression, or dysthymia, is characterized by a long-term (two years or more) depressed mood. There are also symptoms present that are associated with major depression but not enough for a diagnosis of major depression. Chronic depression is less severe than major depression and typically does not disable the person. If you have dysthymia or chronic depression, you may also experience one or more episodes of major depression during your lifetime.

The key symptoms of atypical depression include:

* Overeating
* Oversleeping
* Fatigue
* Extreme sensitivity to rejection
* Moods that worsen or improve in direct response to events

Regular -- or "typical" -- depression, on the other hand, tends to be marked by pervasive sadness and a pattern of loss of appetite and difficulty fall or staying asleep.

Bipolar disorder -- sometimes referred to as manic depression -- is a complex mood disorder that alternates between periods of clinical depression and times of extreme elation or mania. There are two subtypes of bipolar disorder: bipolar I and bipolar II.

With bipolar I disorder, patients have a history of at least one manic episode with or without major depressive episodes.

With bipolar II disorder, patients have a history of at least one episode of major depression and at least one hypomanic (mildly elated) episode.

Seasonal depression, often called seasonal affective disorder or SAD, is a depression that occurs each year at the same time. It usually starts in the fall or winter and ends in spring or early summer. It is more than just "the winter blues" or "cabin fever." A rare form of SAD, known as "summer depression," begins in late spring or early summer and ends in fall.

With psychotic depression, delusional thoughts or other symptoms of psychosis accompany the symptoms of depression. With psychotic depression, there's a break with reality. Patients with psychotic depression experience hallucinations and delusions.

As many as 75% of new moms get the "baby blues." But about one in 10 moms develop a more serious condition called postpartum depression. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, postpartum depression is diagnosed when a new mother develops a major depressive episode within one month after delivery.


Live example of a person who have suffered from post partum depression

It is said that one out of the ten new born's mother is suffering from post partum depression. To become a mother is the best gift a lady can have in her life. I would like  to talk about a lady having the age of 27 years, when she becomes mother. With the strong  desire of a baby girl, she got a baby boy. She accepted but in the three months time duration, she suffers from lack of sleep, sad and happy moods together and desire to grow at faster rate in life. She was lucky in a manner that where she was working has a caring boss and loving parents. The boss suggested her father to take her to the psychiatrist and within two and half month's medications and consultation by a psychiatrist she came back to normal life.  The support of the family was fabulous, whether the matter of taking cares of a baby boy or takes care of her. The case is a true and real. The reason for her to suffering from post partum depression was high expectation and high desire for success, strong desire for a baby girl and to become better than others. The best part of the post partum depression has made her thinking not only for her but also for the women and ladies like her. She gives advices to the women who are expecting or planning to become mother that never take stress and take care of own self first. The reason for that is when the person is mentally and physically strong, one is able to take care of the family in a better way.


Live example of a person who have suffered from bipolar disorder


The  sentence is happening true in the case of a boy who was having age of 22. Without his consent parents has arranged his marriage and he never informed his parents that he loves a girl and already applied for registration for marriage. He was a joyful person and due to the pressure for marriage, he lost the mental power.  He used to be sad every time and parents has ultimately take him to tantric first but when no change has happened they consulted a psychiatrist. By counseling sessions and mediations he started responding well. Same way parents have accepted a girl whom he wants to marry. He within the time span of six months recovered well  but also doing the job and started taking care of family.


In both the cases, one can see that when the expectations are rising so much it leads to depression. In today's scenario every one wants to rich fast and for that they are ready to do anything. But money is not the only source for the person to live happily. The more money one have, the less time for the family one can spend. The expectations to look beautiful, wise, slim, handsome , fair, wealthy has make the persons to go to depression and stress.

Today, whether a kid of 1 year or 80 year old person in some or another way suffering from stress and in a long run it makes them either drinker, smoker, depressed and lead to commit suicide.  " Always expect less from life and it gives you bulk and bulk that you have never thought of." If the person learns to control the expectations, he can win the world.

It is not only the matter of two cases only. There are many women who due to monopose, miscarriage, exams fever, having a girl child, sexual harassment, loss  of near ones goes into depression. The scenario is highest in teen age 12-20 years where one want to look best.

The men also suffers when the break up, failure in business and failure in life, divorce . they take the help of drinks and smoking and make the health into bad part.

The best solution is to go for mediation , meditation , look back in life and realize that  God has provided us so many good things in the life. Expect less and give more.


1. http://www.webmd.com/depression/guide/depression-types
2. http://www.babycenter.com/0_postpartum-depression-and-anxiety_227.bc
3. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/postpartumdepression.html

Ms. Sneha Dipak Dave

Source: E-mail December 13, 2012


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