Deficiency Study of Khajuraho as Tourist Destination


By

Prof. Sanjay Payasi
MSc, MCA, MBA, MPM, MDSE, FDP
Registrar
Maharana Pratap Group of Institutions
Amla, Amarpura Road, Near Ratibad, Bhopal (M.P) 462044
 


1. INTRODUCTION

Development of necessary infrastructure and facilities at any tourist destination is the first and most important step in maximizing the tourist satisfaction and for the promotion of that destination itself as major tourist attraction. The objective of the deficiency study conducted by Madhya Pradesh Tourism was to identify the deficiencies in the tourist destination in terms of urban infrastructure, management of civic services including garbage and solid waste disposal, management and implementation of forest and environment related projects and up gradation of electrical and water supply system.

2. METHODOLOGY

The survey was divided in three parts:

* Primary survey of destination: A primary survey of the destination was done. The survey instrument was designed to examine the primary attributes/deficiencies in the urban infrastructure like rail/road/air connectivity, accommodation, transport system, food/beverage quality & availability, water electricity supply, information mechanism, etc. as well as secondary destination attributes like shopping complexes, multiplexes, flyovers, ropeways, signages, etc.

* Reports & statements of the government department/authorities concerned: The study instrument was designed to get first hand information from all the concerned departments/authorities like rail, road, air, forest, M.P. Ecotourism Development Board, District Collector office, Municipal Corporation, concerned voluntary organizations, etc regarding their developmental projects under implementation or under pipeline for the development of the destination.

* Visitor survey: Random and unbiased visitor survey from the cross-section of visitors available at the destination was also done to get their feedback and suggestions.

GENERAL INFORMATION

1.1. Place

Khajuraho

1.2. District

Chhatarpur

1.3. Location

Khajuraho is located in Chhatarpur District, about 385 miles (620 kilometres) southeast of Delhi, the capital city of India.

1.4. Latitude

24.85 N (of dictrict)

1.5. Longitude

79.93 E (of dictrict)

1.6. Area

10 sq. km

1.7. Population

19,282 (2001 census)

1.8. Literacy 

: Male 2,33,500 (of district/1991 census)
: Female 89,257
: Total 3,22,757

1.9 Gram Panchayat/
Nagar Panchayat

Nagar Panchayat


1.10. Places Of Tourist Interest :

A. WESTERN GROUP OF TEMPLES



* Kandariya Mahadeo

*
The largest, most typical Khajuraho temple. It soars 31 m high. This temple is dedicated to Shiva. The sanctum sanctorum enshrines a lingam. The main shrine is exquisitely carved and features in delicate details, gods, goddesses, celestial maidens and lovers. Particularly noteworthy are the entrance arch, the ceilings and pillars of the interior compartments.



* Matangeswara Temple

The temple is still a living places of worship.  It is dedicated to Shiva. This temple has an Eight-feet-high lingam and is outside the precincts of the Western Group.

* Chitragupta Temple

Facing eastwards to the rising sun, the temple is dedicated to the Sun God, Surya. The image of the deity in the inner sanctum is particularly imposing; five feet high, and driving a horse-drawn Chariot. The group scenes depict royal processions, hunting scenes and group dances, reflecting the lavish lifestyle of the Chandela Courts.



* Vishwanath Temple

A three-headed image of Brahma is enshrined in this temple. The approach is equally impressive, with lions flanking the Northern and Elephants in the Southern steps that lead up to it. A Nandi bull faces the shrine.



* Lakshmana Temple

The lintel over the entrance of this beautiful Vaishnavite temple shows the trinity of Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva with Lakshmi, Vishnu's consort. The finely craved sanctum has a three-headed idol of Vishnu's incarnations Narsimha and Varaha. This boar incarnation also appears in a Nine-feet-high statue at the Varaha Temple.

* Chaunsat Yogini

This is the only granite temple and earliest surviving shrine of the group (900 A.D.)  It is dedicated to Kali. Only 35 shrines are available now out of original 65 shrines. Another Kali temple (originally dedicated to Vishnu) is the Devi Jagdambe Temple.

B. EASTERN GROUP OF TEMPLES

* Parsvanath Temple

The group's largest Jain Temple and exquisite in detail. The sculptures on the Northern outer wall are particularly noteworthy. The themes depict in charming detail, every day activity. Within, a throne faces the bull Emblem of the first tirthankara, Adinath. The Parsvanath image was installed in 1860.

* Ghantai Temple

This Jain temple has a frieze which depicts the 16 dreams of Mahavira's mother, and a Jain goddess on a winged Garuda.

* Adinath Temple

This temple is dedicated to the Jain Saint, Adinath.  The temple is lavishly embellished with sculpted figures, including yakshis.  The three Hindu temples of the group are the Brahma, containing a four-faced lingam, the Vamana, which is adorned on its outer walls with carving of apsaras in a variety of sensuous attitudes and the Javari, with a richly-carved gateway and exterior sculptures.

C. SOUTHERN GROUP OF TEMPLES

* Duladeo Temple

This temple is dedicated to Shiva. The apsara and ornamented figures are the temple's most striking features.

* Chaturbhuj Temple

This temple has massive, intricately-carved image of Vishnu in the sanctum.

1.11. History :

One of the most popular tourist destinations in India, Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval Hindu temples, famous for their erotic sculpture. The name Khajuraho is derived from the Hindi word khajur meaning date palm.

The city was once the original capital of the Chandela Rajputs, a Hindu dynasty that ruled this part of India from the 10th to the 12th centuries. The Khajuraho temples were built over a span of a hundred years, from 950 to 1050. The Chandela capital was moved to Mahoba after this time, but Khajuraho coninued to flourish for some time.

The whole area was enclosed by a wall with eight gates, each flanked by two golden palm trees. There were originally over 80 Hindu temples, of which only 22 now stand in a reasonable state of preservation, scattered over an area of about 8 square miles (21 km²).

Unlike other cultural centers of North India, the temples of Khajuraho never underwent massive destruction and a number of them have survived. They are fine examples of Indian architectural styles that have gained popularity due to their salacious depiction of the traditional way of life during medieval times. They were rediscovered during the late 19th century and the jungles had taken a toll on some of the monuments.

The Khajuraho group of monuments has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

1.12. Rail, Road & Air Connectivity :

A. Rail:
The nearest Rail heads from Khajuraho are Harpalpur (94 km.) and Mahoba (61 km.) Jhansi (172 km.) for those travelling from Delhi and Madras.  The Satna District (117 km.) is the nearby Rail Head for the people coming from Mumbai, Calcutta and Varanasi through Mumbai-Allahabad line of the Central Railway.

B. Road: Khajuraho is connected by regular buses with Satna, Jhansi ,Harpalpur and Mahoba.

C. Air connectivity: Khajuraho has a airport at a distance of 5 km from the village center. It is connected to Delhi and Agra by regular flights

II Maps

City Map


III URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE

3.1. HOTELS :

The village houses large no. of categorized and branded luxury and budget hotels. The hotels available in the city are as follows:

Name The Grant temple View
 
Location Opp. Circuit house
 Category 5 star
 No. of rooms 47 A/c
 Tariff Rs 6300 to Rs. 8000

Name Hotel Clarks
 
Location Near Airport
 Category 5 star
 No. of rooms 104 A/c
 Tariff Rs. 3995 to Rs. 5500

Name Hotel Chandela
 Location Airport road khajuraho
 Category 5 star deluxe
 No. of rooms 94 A/c
 Tariff Rs. 4000 to Rs 7000

Name Radission Jass oberoy
 Location Bypass road
 Category 5 star
 No. of rooms 90 A/c
 Tariff Rs. 5000

Name Holiday Inn Hotel
 Location Airport road
 Category 5 star
 No. of rooms 82 A/c
 Tariff Rs. 3000 to Rs 5500

Name Usha Bundela
 Location Temple Road
 Category 3 star
 No. of rooms 66 A/c
 Tariff Rs. 1950 to Rs 3950

Name Hotel Jhankar
 Location Bypass road khajuraho
 Category unclassified
 No. of rooms 10 A/c 09 Non A/c…..
 Tariff Rs. 690 to Rs 1190

Name Hotel Payal
 Location Bypass road
 Category unclasified
 No. of rooms 06 A/c 19 Non A/c…..
 Tariff Rs. 690 to Rs 1190

Name Hotel Rahil
 Location Bypass road
 Category unclassified
 No. of rooms 06 Non A/c 34 beds on dormitory hall
 Tariff Rs 90 to Rs 490

Name Casa Di William
 Location Near western group of temple
 Category Unclassified
 No. of rooms 1 A/c 14 Non A/c
 Tariff Rs. 200 to Rs. 800

Name Hotel sunset view
 Location main road Khajuraho
 Category unclassified
 No. of rooms 06 A/c 09 Non A/c
 Tariff Rs. 400 to Rs. 800

Name Hotel Harmony
 Location Main Bazar Khajuraho
 Category Unclassified
 No. of rooms 05 A/c 20 Non A/c
 Tariff Rs. 350 to Rs. 950

Name Jain Lodge
 Location Jain Temple Road
 Category Unclassified
 No. of rooms 5 Non A/c
 Tariff Rs 150 to Rs. 300

3.1.1. Deficiency Observed

Khajuraho has five 5-star hotels, one 3-star hotel and remaining budget hotels and lodges. The place offers 637 rooms in luxury, moderate and budget hotels. Though the number is quite encouraging for a small place like Khajuraho, but seeing the enormous traffic of the tourists in the peak season, the number of budget hotels and rooms are much less than required.

3.2. RESTAURANTS :

The city lacks premium restaurants/cafeteria offering quality services, good ambience and variety food. The city also do not have any branded fast food center. The restaurants available in Khajuraho are:

* Safari Restaurant
* Khajuraho restaurant
* Assi Restaurant
* Pornima Restaurant
* Stolain Restaurant
* Monalisa restaurant
* Raja Café House

3.2.1. Deficiency Observed

Lack of sufficient cafeteria/restaurants/fast food centers/branded fast food centres offering variety of quality food/snacks and good ambience in Khajuraho.

3.3. TOUR OPERATORS & TRAVEL AGENTS :

The number of IATA recognized travel agents and tour operators in the city is much less than required. The travel agents operating in the city are:

Names Khajuraho Tours
 Addresses Opp. Western group of temple, Khajuraho

Names Tour aids
 Addresses Airport Road, Khajuraho

Names Travel bureau
 Addresses Khajuraho

Names Orient express
 Addresses Near Western Group of Temple

Names Vindhya Tours
 Addresses Main Road Khajuraho

Names Plazar Tours
 Addresses Jain Temple Road, Khajuraho

Names Keelang Tours
 Addresses Main Road , Khajuraho

Names Tour Alance
 Addresses Bypass Road, Khajuraho

Names Hodiya Tours
 Addresses Airport Road, Khajuraho

3.3.1. Deficiency Observed

The number of travel agents and tour operators in Khajuraho is quite satisfactory but quality of services is a matter of concern.

3.4. ROADS :

Roads are the lifeline of the city as well as the tourism. Roads play crucial role in building the image of a place and changing the perception about it. Poor quality of roads make the journey difficult and tiresome, leaving the visitor in doldrums about the place. The condition of roads in the city is pathetic. The condition of roads connecting the Orchha to Khajuraho and the approach roads to near by sites and waterfall is very bad.

3.4.1. Deficiency Observed

Insufficient connecting roads, poor condition of approach roads and main roads, missing link roads, etc are some of the major deficiencies in the road network of Khajuraho.

The administration has proposed the construction of approach roads, Jain Temple road, Dulhadev Temple road, Bamitha-Benisagar parallel road, etc.

3.5. TRANSPORTATION :

Transportation plays a vital role in the city. It is the first component of image perception about the place. The village has auto-rickshaws and taxis as private transportation means.

3.5.1. Deficiency Observed

The transportation from Jhansi, Satna and other places to Khajuraho by private buses is horrible due to rampant overcrowding by the private vehicles. There is no government public transport system and tourist bus service for site seeing within the village.

3.6.  PARKING FACILITY & TRAFFIC CONDITION :

Proper parking facility in the city provides more space on road and gives it a look of properly planned and systematic city. Khajuraho lacks proper parking facilities and pedestrian space. There are also encroachments by shopkeepers and hawkers resulting in narrow usable road and on-street parking leading to traffic congestion.

3.6.1. Deficiency Observed

Lack of proper parking facility and proper regulations to remove encroachments is causing chaotic traffic in the city and on-street parking of the vehicles.

The department of town & country planning has proposed parking facility construction near Bus terminus, Puri area, near temple & other historical monuments and in the area between Western group of temples and M.P. Electricity Board on Khajuraho-Rajnagar road.

3.7. PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES :

Pedestrian facilities are one of the important components of the urban infrastructure. It not only gives the pedestrian space to walk, but also safeguard him in the high traffic.

3.7.1. Deficiency Observed

The city lacks pedestrian facilities on almost all the streets and roads.

3.8. SIGNAGES & HOARDINGS :

Signages and hoardings, besides helping the visitors in locating and knowing the place, build the image perception of the city in the minds of visitors. Khajuraho, owing to its fabulous history and erotic sculptures, attracts huge no. of visitors from all over the world. But lack of sufficient signages about location and that impinging cleanliness on visitors is hampering growth of tourism in Khajuraho.

3.8.1. Deficiency Observed

Lack of sufficient signages about location and that impinging cleanliness on visitors. There is no display of the city map with tourist destinations of Khajuraho and nearby places at Bus terminal and Airport and at the nearest railway station of Jhansi and Satna.

3.9. BEAUTIFICATION & NIGHT LIGHTING OF HISTORICAL MONUMENTS :

Beautification and night lighting of the monuments add special thrill to the journey. In almost all the major cities of the world, night visit of the place and night activities are an important component. Except for the Western group of temples, the other temples need to be beautified. Also there should be arrangements for night lighting of the monuments.

3.9.1. Deficiency Observed

Inadequate beautification of the historical monuments and no night-lighting of the monuments.

3.10. PERMANENT EXHIBITION GROUND :

Khajuraho is popular for fairs and festivals. Fairs like Mahashivaratri fair and festivals like Khajuraho dance festival and world-renowned. A large crowd is also attracted to Khajuraho during fairs and festivals. And the village demands world-class exhibition ground.

3.10.1. Deficiency Observed

There is no state-of-art permanent exhibition ground in the village to host domestic and foreign visitors.

3.11. AVAILABILITY OF LEAFLETS/PAMPHLETS :

Information leaflets are available only at the hotels of MP Tourism and with few hawkers in the city.

3.11.1. Deficiency observed

Reliable information about the history of temples in Khajuraho is not available to visitors as no information booklet/pamphlets are available to the visitors at the site or at ticket counter.

3.12. LANDSCAPING & DEVELOPMENT OF SQUARES :

Khajuraho temples are world-heritage and tourists from all over the world come to the place. But the village has many undeveloped areas full of dirt and garbage. There are also many open areas, where proper landscaping could give a face-lift to the village.

3.12.1. Deficiency observed

Khajuraho lacks proper landscaping and attractive squares, to give it a feel of the world-heritage site.

3.13. GUIDES :

Guides are ones who put life in the dead monuments and buildings with their grand histories.

3.13.1. Deficiency Observed

There are 45 registered guides in Khajuraho as per ASI. Guides are available only at Western Group of temples and number of guides is much less than required since there is heavy tourist inflow in the village.

3.14. ENTERTAINMENT CENTRES :

Entertainment activities, clubs, theme parks, recreation clubs, evening entertainment zones, discotheques, etc. add lust to the city and are necessary for development of any destination as tourist destination.

3.14.1. Deficiency Observed

'Sound & light Show' is the major attraction for tourists in Khajuraho. But apart from this, there is no entertainment park or night entertainment activity at the place. The whole place goes into black-hole after the 'Sound and light show'.

3.15. SHOPPING MALLS :

There is no one stop shopping solution for the people and visitors in Khajuraho. The existing shops available lack basic requirements of the tourists. The place also lacks branded shopping outlet like big bazaar, etc in the city.

3.15.1. Deficiency Observed

There is no one-stop shopping junction or branded retail outlet in the village.

3.16. MULTIPLEXES

There are no multiplexes or cineplexes in Khajuraho.

3.17. BUS TERMINUS & AIRPORT :

The bus terminus and airport are the first places which build/diminishes the image of the place. Tourists/visitors expect high quality infrastructure, escalators, information centers, map of the city, good shopping complexes and a clean environment.

3.17.1. Deficiency Observed

Bus terminus at Khajuraho is undeveloped and lacks the basic infrastructure and public amenities.

IV MANAGEMENT OF CIVIC SERVICES INCLUDING GARBAGE & SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL

4.1. HYGIENE :

Hygiene condition is satisfactory at Temples in Khajuraho.

4.1.1. Deficiency Observed

Though the hygiene condition is satisfactory inside temple campus, the roadsides and bus terminal are full of garbage dumps.

4.2. TOILET :

Almost all the tourist places lack the toilet facilities. And the hygiene condition is very bad at the toilets available.

4.3. DRINKING WATER FACILITY :

The drinking water facilities are either not available or inadequate at most of the temples.

4.4. MODE OF SOLID WASTE AND GARBAGE DISPOSAL :

Khajuraho has no drainage system for the disposal of wastewater. The city needs septic tanks to be built for the wastewater disposal, which could be used for watering the plants.

Solid waste disposal is a major problem in Khajuraho. There is no proper mechanism of solid waste disposal in the village. The city has immediate need of proper mechanism for solid waste disposal, recycling of recyclable waste, construction of trenching ground, etc and for the same the administration is already implementing the IDSMT scheme of the government of India for the solid waste management. The cost of the project under implementation is Rs 127.95 lakhs.

V IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ENVIRONMENT & FOREST RELATED PROJECTS

The environment and forest related projects under implmentation by the district administration, Nagar Panchayat and Archeological Survey of India are:

* Conservation of environment in the sensitive areas within 300-500 mts. from the temples and near airport.
* Dense plantation in the area near temple group
* Prevention of soil erosion and plantation near lake & river.

VI UPGRADATION OF ELECTRICAL AND WATER SUPPLY DISTRIBUTION INFRASTRUCTURE

The present electrical and water supply distribution infrastructure in Khajuraho is traditional. The supply of electricity to the village is also insufficient and there are frequent power cuts in the village.

In order to upgrade the water supply and electricity supply system, the city administration has submitted proposal under UIDSSMT scheme of the government of India for Rs 400.00 lakh, which is yet to be cleared.

VII OBSERVATIONS AT TOURIST PLACES

7.1. KHAJURAHO :

* Poor hygiene condition
* Insufficient signages
* Poor infrastructure & undeveloped bus terminus
* No proper connectivity from nearby railway stations
* No air connectivity from Khajuraho to Jaipur, Kolkata, Chennai & Mumbai and other major cities of the country.
* Tourist office at bus terminus rarely opens
* Inadequate parking facilities
* Power shortage, insufficient electric infrastructure
* No proper information about Guide
* No night lighting of monuments
* Poor condition of road (construction work ongoing at major places)
* Lack of basic civic amenities like drinking water and toilets
* No any shopping Malls, other entertainment center, cultural program
* Garbage dumps at many places

7.2. WESTERN GROUP OF TEMPLE :

Matangeshwar Temple, Laxman Temple, Kandariya Mahadev Temple, Devi Jagdambe Temple, Chitragupta Temple, Vishwanath Temple, Nandi Temple

* Poor hygiene condition
* Inadequate drinking water facility
* Poor condition of footway passage
* No dust bins
* Insufficient sit-outs/ benches
* No signages
* No safety arrangement around the well

7.3. VAMANA, JAWARI & BRAHMA TEMPLE :

* Signboard Stand on garbage
* Poor condition of approach road
* Unclean surroundings
* No Drinking water facility
* Garbage dump in front of temple

7.4. JAIN TEMPLES :

* Poor condition of approach road
* Poor drinking water facility
* No sit-outs/ benches
* No restaurant near the temple
* Need to improve hygiene condition

7.5. DULHADEV TEMPLE :

* Campus under construction

7.6. CHATURBHUJ TEMPLE :

* Poor hygiene condition
* Undeveloped garden
* No Drinking Water facility
* Nuisance by beggars
* Poor Footway passage
* No road connectivity from Dulhadev temple to it

7.7. BUS TERMINUS :

* Very unhygienic
* Garbage dump around the bus terminus
* No dust bin
* No benches
* No drinking water facility
* Toilets under construction
* Inadequate parking facilities
* No signages
* Person are not available at the ticket counter

7.8. AIRPORT :

* Poor connectivity

VIII PROJECTS PROPOSED & UNDER IMPLEMENTATION

8.1. PROJECTS PROPOSED :

Name of project                                         Kandariya Mahadev and devi  jagdambi temple
Cost                                                         Rs. 50.00 Lakh
Details of project                                        Opening and removal of the
                                                               haphazard sculptures, fragments
                                                               from the plateform and including
                                                               reconstruction with the ashlar stone
                                                               masonary and frangments
                                                               including stone flooring to the top
                                                               of the platform
Department/authority responsible:                  Archeological Survey of India
Name of Ministry/authority                            Ministry of Culture
sanctioning the project
(Source: ASI)

Name of project                                          Vaman jawari and ghantai temple
Cost                                                         Rs. 100 Lakh
Details of project                                        Construction of dwarf wall with
                                                               M.S. grillaround the acquired land
Department/authority responsible                   Archeological Survey of India
Name of Ministry/authority                            Ministry of Culture
sanctioning the project
(Source: ASI)

Name of project                                         Tourism Development Program
Cost Rs.                                                    298 Lakh
Details of project                                        construction CcC & WBM road
                                                              and Cross drainage From Bamitha
                                                               to Rajnagar Main Road
Time limit for completion of project                2 years After Sanction
Department/authority responsible                  Nagar Panchayat
Name of Ministry/authority                           Ministry of Urban Administration
sanctioning the project & Development
(Source : Collectorate Chhatarpur)

Name of project                                          UIDSSMT
Cost                                                         Rs. 400 Lakh
Details of project                                        Water supply, Sewage
                                                               construction, Septic Tank, Road,
                                                               Foot Way
Time limit for completion of project                 3 years After Sanction
Department/authority responsible                   Nagar Panchayat
Name of Ministry/authority                            Ministry of Urban Development
sanctioning the project
(Source : Collectorate Chhatarpur)

Name of project                                          Backward Area Development
Cost                                                         Rs. 100.62 Lakh
Details of project                                        Beautification of Talab, Tree
                                                               Plantation, Square Development,
                                                               Bus stand development, Main
                                                               Road development, Garden
                                                               Development
Time limit for completion of project                 1 years After Sanction
Department/authority responsible                    Nagar Panchayat
Name of Ministry/authority                             BRGF & Ministry of Urban
sanctioning the project                                 Administration & Development
(Source : Collectorate Chhatarpur)

Name of project                                          Road Development
Cost                                                         Rs. 211 Lakh
Details of project                                        Road Development in Town
Time limit for completion of project                 6 month After Sanction
Department/authority responsible PWD
for implementation
Name of Ministry/authority                            MPPWD & MP Tourism
sanctioning the project
(Source : Collectorate Chhatarpur)

8.2. PROJECTS UNDER IMPLEMENTATION :

Name of project                                           Integrated Development of tourist
                                                                circuit on the sector Gwalior-
                                                                Orchha-Khajuraho
Cost                                                          Rs. 572.39 Lakh
                                                                (Khajuraho 194.53 Lakh)
Details of project                                         Upgradation of tourist village,
                                                                Facilitation center, water sports
                                                                complex at benisagar Dam, Sulabh
                                                                Complex
Time limit for completion of project
Department/authority responsible                    MP Tourism
(Source: MPTDC)

Name of project                                           IDSMT
Cost                                                          Rs. 127.95
Details of project                                         Solid waste Management, Shopping
                                                                Complex, Road construction
Time limit for completion of project                  Sep. 07
Department/authority responsible                    Nagar Panchayat
Name of Ministry/authority                             Ministry of Housing & Environment
sanctioning the project 
(Source : Collectorate Chhatarpur)

Name of project                                           Road Development
Cost                                                          Rs. 6.60 Crore
Details of project                                         Width increasing of Road
Time limit for completion of project                  Dec. 07
Department/authority responsible                    PWD, Chhatarpur
Name of Ministry/authority                             PWD, Madhya Pradesh
sanctioning the project 
(Source : Collectorate Chhatarpur)

Name of project                                           Duladeo temple
Cost                                                          Rs. 6.855 Lakh
Details of project                                         Underpinning, stone Mending,
                                                                water tightening etc.
Department/authority responsible                    Archeological Survey of India
Name of Ministry/authority                             Ministry of Culture
sanctioning the project
(Source: ASI)

Name of project                                          Western group of temples
Cost                                                         Rs. 1961900.00
Details of project                                        Water tightening of the western
                                                               group of temple at Khajuraho
Department/authority responsible                   Archeological Survey of India
Name of Ministry/authority                            Ministry of Culture
sanctioning the project
(Source: ASI)

Name of project                                          Commercial Scheme
Cost                                                         Rs. 40.98 Lakh
Detail of project                                         Construction of commercial complexat
                                                               Khasra No. 1719/5, 1720/1 (C1)
(Source: MP Vikas Pradhikaran, Bhopal)

Name of project                                          Traffic & Transportation Scheme
Cost                                                          Rs. 44.88 Lakh
Detail of project                                          Development of road/pathways (T2)
(Source: MP Vikas Pradhikaran, Bhopal)

Name of project                                          Miscellaneous Scheme
Cost                                                         Rs. 42.09 Lakh
Detail of project                                          Construction of major public amenities: open-air auditorium
                                                               on Khasara No. 1819, 1920 (M1), Solid waste management
                                                                in Khajuraho (New dumping site and dust bins) (M2)
(Source: MP Vikas Pradhikaran, Bhopal)

IX VISITORS SURVEY
Place : KHAJURAHO
No. of Visitors Surveyed:
 Indian : 04
 Foreigners : 19
 Total : 23

 

    No. of Visitors

 

    Particulars

    Excell ent

    Good

    Aver age

    Poor

    Conclu sion

    Accommodation

    16

    5

    2

    0

    Excellen t

    Food

    5

    14

    3

    1

    Good

Connectivity

    Rail

    0

    0

    1

    12

    Poor

    Road

    0

    4

    12

    7

    Poor

    Air

    4

    11

    6

    4

    Good

    Entertainment

    2

    14

    6

    1

    Average

    Transportation

    2

    4

    5

    12

    Poor

    Hygiene

    2

    5

    14

    2

    Average

    Guide

    0

    16

    6

    1

    Average

    Signage

    0

    4

    13

    6

    Average

    Information Broacher/Leaflet

    0

    6

    14

    3

Average


Special Remarks of Visitors:

*
"Pressure from sellers in streets in strong. They are a nuisance".
* Khajuraho is the most beautiful sculpture I have ever seen in Life. India is really magnificient."

RESULT

The Deficiency Study conducted by Madhya Pradesh tourism revealed the following:

* Pathetic condition of road & poor connectivity: The major obstacle in the growth of Madhya Pradesh as favoured tourist destination is its very poor connectivity via air and road with other major cities. The poor connectivity diverts the tourist from Madhya Pradesh and though it is centrally located having richest and most diverse tourism offerings, it is less preferred destination due to its poor connectivity and bad roads.

Connectivity and transportation is also a major issue for Khajuraho. The private buses suffer from rampant overcrowding and there is no scheduled departure and arrival time for them. Khajuraho is connected by air to Delhi and Agra only and thee is no connectivity to other major cities of the country from Khajuraho.

* Insufficient accommodation: The total number of luxury and moderate hotels in the village is only 13 offering only 637 rooms. Though the number of rooms seems to be satisfactory, yet the quality of services and no. of hotels in approved category list is a major deficiency for Khajuraho.

* Lack of cafeteria/restaurants: The place has dearth of restaurants/fast food centers/branded fast food outlets offering quality and variety food and good ambience.

* Insufficient no. of travel agents/tour operators: The city has only handful of IATA recognized travel agents & tour operators.

* Information dissemination/pamphlets: Reliable information about the history of temples in Khajuraho is not available to visitors as no information booklet/pamphlets are available to the visitors at the site or at ticket counter.

* Poor Hygiene condition: Though the hygiene condition is satisfactory inside temple campus, the roadsides are full of garbage dumps.

* No signages : Regardless of the fact that Khajuraho is a world heritage site, the signages about Khajuraho, location of temples and other excursions from Khajuraho are not properly displayed either on highways or within the city. Signages on cleanliness are also missing at the place.

* Poor maintenance of the tourist sites: Except for the Western Group of temples, which is satisfactorily maintained, the other temples need immediate attention.

* Bus terminus and airport: The condition of the bus terminus is very pathetic. There is no display of city map or tourist places of interest on bus terminal and airport.

* Lack of entertainment activities/night life: After the 'Sound and Light Show', there is no activity/entertainment activity for the visitors, which is a major set back to tourism in Khajuraho.

* No shopping complexes: There is no one stop shopping solution for the people in Khajuraho. The existing shops are unable to fulfill the basic demands of the visitors.

X RECOMMENDATIONS

10.1. IMPROVEMENT IN ROAD CONDITION, CONNECTIVITY, CONSTRUCTION OF PROPER PARKING & PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES
:

For the wholesome development of Khajuraho and its promotion as major tourist attraction in world, the condition of roads and transport system need to be immediately improved.

Connectivity and transportation is also a major issue for Khajuraho. The private buses suffer from rampant overcrowding and there is no scheduled departure and arrival time for them. Khajuraho is connected by air to Delhi and Agra only and there is no connectivity to other major cities of the country. So it is strongly recommended that the condition of roads and transportation system be improved immediately.

10.2. ACCOMMODATION :

The total number of luxury & moderate hotels in the village is only 13 offering only 637 rooms. More accommodation units- hotels, resorts, rest houses, paying guest houses be set up in the village to cater to the increasing demand of the luxury and budget tourists.

10.3. CAFETERIA/RESTAURANTS :

The place demands restaurants/cafeteria/branded fast food outlets offering quality services, variety food and good ambience for the satisfaction of tourists.

10.4. TRAVEL AGENTS/TOUR OPERATORS :

The city has only handful of IATA recognized travel agents and tour operators and more need to be added.

10.5. INFORMATION DISSEMINATION/PAMPHLETS :

Attractive booklets/leaflets providing reliable information about the temples should be printed an provided to tourists either free of charge or charged with ticket at ticket counter.

10.6. IMPROVEMENT IN HYGIENE CONDITION :

The hygiene condition in the village should be improved. And upgraded waste disposal system should be adopted.

10.7. SIGNAGES :

At the tourist spots, one cannot find sufficient signages leaving the visitor blank about the place and monument. More attractive signages and hoarding should be placed at appropriate places.

10.8. MAINTENANCE & BEAUTIFICATION OF THE MONUMENTS :

Except for the Western Group of temples, which is satisfactorily maintained, the other temples need attention. For the visitor attraction, the temples need to be beautified and maintained.

10.9. BUS TERMINAL AND AIRPORT :

The condition of the bus terminal is very pathetic. There is no display of city map or tourist places of interest on bus terminal and airport. This need to be addressed.

10.10. ENTERTAINMENT ACTIVITIES/NIGHT LIFE :

It is strongly recommended that entertainment parks should be set up in the village. Also activities like nature trails, angling, camping, etc should be developed and promoted there.

10.11. CONSTRUCTION OF SHOPPING COMPLEXES :

One stop shopping complexes and shopping malls as well as some branded retail outlets need to be opened up in Khajuraho.

10.12. COMMUNICATION OF WH VALUES :

Communication of WH values through cultural awareness programmes including photo exhibition, debates and speech competition, essay and drawing competition.

10.13. INTERPRETATION CENTRE:

A cultural interpretation center should be established at Khajuraho near the Western group of temples. :

CONCLUSION

Though Khajuraho is the world heritage site and one of the most legendary sites of the country, inadequate connectivity and lack of proper infrastructure of the village is severely affecting tourism there.

Recommendations for improving and developing the destination infrastructure has been made in the report.

XI BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Primary survey information
* Information received from guide
* Pamphlets and information brochure published by Madhya Pradesh Tourism
* www.mptourism.com
* www.wikipedia.com
* Information received from the office of District collector/magistrate
* Information received from the office of Chief Municipal Officer.
* CEO, Nagar Panchayat
* www.mp.nic.in/districts
* Visitors' Guide published by Madhya Pradesh Tourism
* Office of M.P. Ecotourism Development Board
* Archeological Survey of India
* Archeological Survey of Madhya Pradesh
* M.P. Road Development Corporation
* Madhya Pradesh Vikas Pradhikaran
* Department of town & Country planning
* Hotel Association of the city
* Travel Agents Association of India
* www.travelagentsofindia.com
* www.fhrai.com
* Local airport authority
* Khajuraho Development Plan of Directorate of Town & Country planning
* www.mapsofindia.com
* Conservator of Forest
 


Prof. Sanjay Payasi
MSc, MCA, MBA, MPM, MDSE, FDP
Registrar
Maharana Pratap Group of Institutions
Amla, Amarpura Road, Near Ratibad, Bhopal (M.P) 462044
 

Source: E-mail February 6, 2015

          

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