Critical Study of Jabalpur as Tourist destination


By

Prof. Sanjay Payasi
MSc, MCA, MBA, MPM, MDSE, FDP
Registrar
Maharana Pratap Group of Institutions
Amla, Amarpura Road, Near Ratibad, Bhopal (M.P) 462044
 


1.  INTRODUCTION

Development of necessary infrastructure and facilities at any tourist destination is the first and most important step in maximizing the tourist satisfaction and for the promotion of that destination itself as major tourist attraction. The objective of the deficiency study conducted by Madhya Pradesh Tourism was to identify the deficiencies in the tourist destination in terms of urban infrastructure, management of civic services including garbage and solid waste disposal, management and implementation of forest and environment related projects and up gradation of electrical and water supply system.

2.  METHODOLOGY

The survey was divided in three parts:

* Primary survey of destination: A primary survey of the destination was done. The survey instrument was designed to examine the primary attributes/deficiencies in the urban infrastructure like rail/road/air connectivity, accommodation, transport system, food/beverage quality & availability, water electricity supply, information mechanism, etc. as well as secondary destination attributes like shopping complexes, multiplexes, flyovers, ropeways, signages, etc.

* Reports & statements of the government department/authorities concerned: The study instrument was designed to get first hand information from all the concerned departments/authorities like rail, road, air, forest, M.P. Ecotourism Development Board, District Collector office, Municipal Corporation, concerned voluntary organizations, etc regarding their developmental projects under implementation or under pipeline for the development of the destination.

* Visitor survey: Random and unbiased visitor survey from the cross-section of visitors available at the destination was also done to get their feedback and suggestions.

I. GENERAL INFORMATION

1.1. Place

Jabalpur

1.2. District

Jabalpur

1.3. Location

Jabalpur lies on the banks of the Narmada River and sprawls over the plains of its tributaries Hiran, Gaur, Ken & Sone.

1.4. Latitude

23.10 N

1.5. Longitude

79.37 E

1.6. Area

106.19 sq. km

1.7. Population

10,99,576 (2001 census)

1.8. Literacy 

: Total  84.87 %,
: Male  90 %
 : Female 78.93%

1.8. Gram Panchayat/ Nagar   Panchayat

Municipal Corporation


1.10.  Places of Tourist Interest :



Madan Mahal Fort

Built by the Gond ruler, Raja Madan Shah, in 1116 a top a rocky hill, the fort dominates the skyline and provides a panoramic view of the town and the country-side around it.

Sangram Sagar And Bajana Math

These medieval constructions were built by the famous Gond king, Sangram Shah between 1480-1540.

Tilwaraghat

The place from where Mahatma Gandhi's ashes were immersed in the Narmada, and venue of the open session of the Tripuri Congress in 1939;the 12th century Mala Devi Mandir; Pisan Hari Jain Temples and Roopnath are some of the other places in and around Jabalpur which merit a visit.



Bhedaghat

The Small village of Jabalpur tehsil situated on the bank of river Narmada and widely famous for its marble Rocks is at a distance about 21 Km from Jabalpur by road. Soaring in glittering splendor, the Marble Rocks at Bhedaghat rise to a hundred feet on either side of the Narmada. The serene loveliness of the scene is one of cool quiet, the sunlight sparkling on the marble-white pinnacles and casting dappled shadows on the pellucid waters. Sunlight, now glancing from a pinnacle of snow-white marble reared against the deep blue of the sky as from a point of silver, touching here and there with bright lights the prominences of the middle heights, and again losing itself in the soft bluish grays of their recesses Here and there the white saccharine limestone is seamed by veins of dark green or black volcanic rock, a contrast which only enhances, like a setting of jet, the purity of the surrounding marble.

Tripur Sundari Temple

About 12 kms from city on bhedaghat road in village Tewar "Tripur Sundari Temple" is situated.

Dhuandhar

The Narmada, making its way through the Marble Rocks, Narrows down and then plunges in a waterfall Rocks, narrow down and then plinges in a waterfall known as Dhuandhar or the smoke cascade. So powerful is the plunge that its roar is heard from a far distance, the falls and the breaking of the volume of water at the crest present an awesome spectacle of Nature's power unleashed.

Chausat Yogini
Temple

Situated atop a hill rock and approached by a long flight of steps, the Chausat Yogini Temple commands a singularly beautiful view of the Narmada flowing through the jagged Marble Rocks. Dedicated to Goddess
Durga, this 10th century temple has exquisitely carved stone figures of deities belonging to the Kalchuri period. According to a local legend, this ancient temple is connected to the Gond Queen Durgavati's palace through an underground passage.

Rani Durgavati Memorial And Museum

Dedicated to the memory of the great Queen Durgavati is her memorial and a museum which houses a fine collection of sculptures, inscriptions and prehistoric relics.

1.11. History :

The city of Jabalpur was the capital of the erstwhile medieval Gond rulers. It is not only an important historical place, but it is also famous for the Marble Rocks gorge on Narmada River, near it. It is an administrative and educational center and is the gateway to important wildlife sanctuaries around it. It is one of the largest cities in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.

The origin of Jabalpur goes back to ancient times. It was then known as Tripuri and was governed by Hayahaya rulers. The ancient Indian epic of Mahabharata has references to his city. It became a part of the great Mauryan and the Gupta Empires. In ad 875, it was taken over by the Kalchuri dynasty that made Jabalpur their capital. In the 13th century, the Gonds seized it and made it their capital. By the early 16th century, it had become the powerful kingdom of Gondwana. From time to time, the Mughal rulers tried to overrun it. The legendary Gond Queen Rani Durgavati died fighting the Mughal forces led by the great Mughal Emperor Akbar. It finally fell to the Marathas in 1789 and was taken over by the British in 1817, when they defeated the Marathas. The British made Jabalpur the commission headquarters of the Narmada territories and established a cantonment here.

1.12.  Rail, Road & Air Connectivity :

A.
Rail connectivity: In terms of railway linkage, Jabalpur lies on the Mumbai- Kolkata (via Allahabad) trunk railway route and is the zonal headquarter for the railways. Jabalpur is also connected to Balaghat and Gondia towns by a narrow-gauge railway line, which is undergoing up gradation to broad gauge.

B. Road connectivity: National Highway No. 7 connecting Varanasi and Nagpur traverses the city from north to south. National Highway No. 12, leading to Jaipur links the city to Bhopal and the western part of the state and country. The city is also well connected to other regional  nodes ike Damoh, Dindori, Amar Kantak and Mandla by state highways. Jabalpur is connected to state highway SH 22 ( Jabalpur – Amarkantak).

C. Air connectivity- Jabalpur has an air-strip (Dumna Airport) at a distance of about 20 Kms from the city-centre. It is connected to Raipur and Delhi by air. Bi-weekly (IA-Boeing) are available to these places.

II Maps

2.1 City Map


2.1 District Map


III URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE

3.1.  HOTELS :

Jabalpur has become a metropolitan city. It houses several state and national level government offices like the State High Court, State Electricity Board, Post and telegraph workshop, two large universities along with the Government's defense establishments and ancillary industries. The city is the link city to many wild-life sanctuaries like Bandhavgarh and Kanha National park, etc. The city also offers excellent tourists destinations like Dhuandhar water falls and Bhedaghat marble rocks. All this is causing heavy rush of visitors in the city

The city lacks good quality luxury and budget hotels in sufficient numbers to suffice the increasing demand for rooms. The total number of luxury and moderate hotels is only 7. The number of other budget hotels in the city is also 7. The city encompasses a hotel association comprising of 70 hotel and restaurant members. But the total no. of rooms available in luxury hotels is 332, while no. of rooms in quality budget hotels is 253. the no. of hotels in Bhedaghat is five offering just 48 rooms.

No. of Hotels: (Association) :70 ( Hotel & Restaurants)

Name Hotel Welcomeheritage Narmada Jackson
Location: 3/7, South Civil Lines, Jabalpur
Category: Heritage
No. of rooms 66 A/c
Tariff Rs. 1600 to Rs. 7000

Name Hotel Satya Ashoka
Location: Opp. Stadium, Wright Town, Jabalpur
Category: 4 star
No. of rooms 50 A/c
Tariff Rs. 1400 to Rs 4000

Name Hotel Kalchuri Residency
Location: Near Railway Station, Jabalpur
Category: 3-star
No. of rooms 30 A/c
Tariff Rs. 1190 to Rs. 1290

Name Hotel Rishi Regency
Location: Infront of SBI Main Branch, South Civil
Lines, Jabalpur
Category: 3 star
No. of rooms: 37A/c, 5 non- A/c
Tariff Rs. 595 to Rs. 3500

Name Hotel Samdariya
Location: Rasal Chouk, Dr. Bharat Road, Jabalpur
Category: 3 star
No. of rooms 60 A/c
Tariff Rs. 1100 to Rs. 3500

Name Hotel Samdariya Inn
Location: 3, South Civil Lines, Jabalpur
Category: 3 star
No. of rooms 28 A/c, 13 non- A/c
Tariff Rs. 1100 to Rs. 3500

Name Hotel Prestige Princes
Location: Nagrath Sq., Jabalpur
Category: 3 star
No. of rooms 43 A/c
Tariff Rs. 1100 to Rs. 2800

Name Hotel Arihant Palace
Location: G Tower, Nagpur Highway, Jabalpur
Category: Unclassified
No. of rooms 20 A/c
Tariff Rs. 1400 to Rs. 2995( Plus 20% Tax)

Name Hotel Gulzar
Location: Near Rasal Chouk, Jabalpur
Category: Unclassified
No. of rooms 20 A/c
Tariff Rs. 1400 to Rs. 1600

Name Hotel Krishna
Location: Opp. Rani Durgawati Museum, Napier
  Town , Jabalpur
Category: Unclassified
No. of rooms 17 A/c 5 Non A/c
Tariff Rs. 500 to Rs. 3000

Name Samdariya Yatri Niwas
Location: Rasal Chouk, Dr. Bharat Road, Jabalpur
Category: Unclassified
No. of rooms 30 non -A/c
Tariff Rs. 250 to Rs 550

Name Hotel Vijjan Palace
Location: Karam Chandra Chouk, Jabalpur
Category: Budget Hotel
No. of rooms 20 A/c 72 Non A/c
Tariff Rs. 450 + 10% to Rs. 1200 + 20% Tax

Name Hotel Shikhar Palace
Location: Russel Chouk, Jabalpur
Category: Budget Hotel
No. of rooms 29 A/c 07 Non A/c
Tariff Rs. 475 to Rs. 1200 (20% Tax Extra)

Name Hotel Rupali Inn
Location: Infront of Income Tax Office Rassal Chouk
Category: Budget Hotel
No. of rooms 13 A/c 20 Non A/c
Tariff Rs. 550 to Rs. 1200 (20% Tax Extra)

3.1.1.  Hotels In Bhedaghat

Name Motel Marble Rock
 Location Bhedaghat Town
 Category Unclassified
 No. of rooms 06 A/c 04 Non A/c
 Tariff Rs. 990 to Rs. 1190

Name Hotel River View
 Location Bhedaghat Town
 Category Unclassified
 No. of rooms 03 A/c 05 Non A/c
 Tariff Rs. 550 to Rs 850

Name Sagun Resort
 Location Bhedaghat Town
 Category Unclassified
 No. of rooms 12 Non A/c
 Tariff Rs. 400 to Rs 800

Name Hotel Marble Palace
 Location Bhedaghat
 Category Unclassified
 No. of rooms 08 Non A/c
 Tariff Rs. 300 to Rs. 600

Name Holiday Home
 Location Near Nagar Panchayat Office, Bhedaghat
 Category Unclassified
 No. of rooms 10 Non A/c
 Tariff Rs. 200 to Rs. 300

3.1.2.  Deficiency Observed

In the name of accommodation, the city has only one heritage hotel, one 4-star hotel and five 3-star hotels. The no. of rooms offered by luxury and moderate hotels in the city is only 332, while budget hotels offer 253 rooms. The no. of rooms offered in Bhedaghat is only 48 and is far less than required as Bhedaghat is the major tourist attraction. And that too none in approved category. The city lacks sufficient number of hotels in approved category to meet the requirement of visitors. The deficiency has become grave since Jabalpur is also the state and administrative head attracts government & business visitors too.

3.2.  RESTAURANTS /CAFETERIA :

Though there are many restaurants in the city, but none is meeting the requirement of tourists in terms of quality, variety and ambience.

No. of Restaurants :18

* Hotel Annapurna Restaurant
* Hotel Barat Bar & Restaurant
* Hotel Chhappan Bhog Restaurant
* Hotel Green Valley Restaurant
* Hotel Hot & Cool Restaurant
* Hotel Kally's Restaurant
* Hotel Kemps Chiese Restaurant
* Hotel Kokila Restaurant
* Hotel Mam-e-da Restaurant
* Hotel Navneeta Restaurant
* Hotel Option Restaurant
* Hotel Panchvati Gaurav Restaurant
* Hotel Roopali Restaurant
* Hotel Suny Bar & Restaurant
* Hotel Traffic Jam Restaurant
* Hotel Shankey Restaurant
* Hotel Swastik Restaurant
* Café coffee day

3.2.1.  Deficiency Observed

Lack of categorized cafeteria/restaurants/fast food centers offering star category ambience and services. The city also lacks branded fast food outlet.

3.3.  TOUR OPERATORS & TRAVEL AGENTS :

There is paucity of tour operators and travel agents offering traveling solutions of all types to the tourists in Jabalpur. The only tour operators and travel agents operating in the city are:

Names  3A Travels (IATA recognized)
Addresses Hotel Krishna Complex, Opp. Museum Napier
Town Jabalpur

Names  Indian Excursion
Addresses South Civil Line, Jabalpur

Names    Wild Expeditions
Addresses Jabalpur

3.3.1.  Deficiency Observed

The city has only one IATA recognised travel agent. The city lacks adequate number of travel agents and tour operators.

3.4.  ROADS :

The total length of roads in Jabalpur is about 1,267 km, 85 per cent of which are municipal roads. Jabalpur Development Authority (JDA) and Madhya Pradesh Housing Board (MPHB) have constructed 102 km of road in the colonies developed by them, and the PWD has constructed 63 km of roads as highways.

3.4.1.  Deficiency Observed

National Highway No. 7 cuts across the city from north to south. This road is encroached and highly congested, forming one of the principal arterial roads of the city. A by-pass branches off from NH 7 in the north and runs all the way to the southwest, crossing the state highways and reaching NH 7 once again. The original alignment of NH 7, which ran through the heart of city, is now completely by-passed. The road network is constrained by a railway line that runs along the central ridge of the city. The cantonment lying to the east of the railway line is connected to the main town, which lies to the west of the railway line, via four grade-separated rail crossings. However, to the north and south of the town, grade-separated crossings are limited to a few locations. At-grade crossings still pose major hurdles for free-flowing traffic.

There have been rampant encroachments, both permanent and temporary, significant proportion of slow-moving traffic and absence of pedestrian paths. This has resulted in reduced capacity of the roads, especially in inner-city and market roads. Road and intersection improvement works undertaken earlier do not adequately address geometric and safety aspects. A number of bottlenecks exist due to railway line intersecting the city in U shape and narrow bridges over primary drains.

3.4.2.  Projects Proposed

It is proposed by the Municipal Corporation, Jabalpur (MCJ) to develop high capacity Bus service (HCBS) corridor, namely:

a) North – South corridor (Katni – Nagpur road NH -7)
b) East – West corridor, comprising
c) NH – 12 (Narsinghpur Road)
d) SH – 22 (Kundam Road)
e) SH – 37 (Damoh Road , Mandla Road )

3.5.  TRANSPORTATION :

The transport system in the city, comprising mini-buses and 3-wheeler tempos, is entirely run by private operators. There are a total of five routes for mini-buses and three for tempos, mostly originating from the city center and connecting to the fringe areas of the city. In terms of fleet size, there are about 550 registered mini-buses and tempos. The share of public transport to total trips is very low (only 7 per cent). This is not usually the case in other towns. Usually, public transport accounts for the bulk of daily trips and could be between 40 to 70 per cent.

A company Jabalpur City Transport Services Limited has been incorporated to operate and manage the public transport system in Jabalpur. At present 22 city buses are running. The special features of the buses are Modern low floor buses, Two broad doors which allows passengers to board and alight quickly and easily, Saving of time and fuel with better economy and efficiency, Improved economy to private partners. 44 sitting and 40 standing capacity.

3.5.1.  Deficiency Observed

The transport network in the city is inefficient due to lack of connectivity in some pockets, poor internal roads, lack of footpaths.

The system of private bus operators does have many problems such as:

a) Poor quality of service and comfort to passengers
b) Lack of proper bus stations with basic amenities
c) Reckless driving by private operators
d) Rampant overcrowding of buses
e) No scheduled departure or arrival timings
f) Inadequate coverage of city – private bus operators run more on  market demand will not run buses to outlying areas that may not  have sufficient passengers and Commuter safety is totally ignored.

3.6.  PARKING FACILITY & TRAFFIC CONDITION :

Jabalpur has joined the metropolitan city team in the last decade. But the narrow roads, poor approach roads and internal roads, poor connectivity, on street parking, lack of pedestrian facilities are causing high traffic congestion.

3.6.1.  Deficiency Observed

There are no organized on-street marked parking arrangements in any of the major commercial areas of the city. Most of the core market areas of the city are characterized by narrow roads with a high proportion of pedestrian and slow moving traffic. The capacity of the roads is further reduced by vehicles parked on the roadsides. The multi levels parking adjoining core city area are proposed.

3.6.2.  Projects Proposed & Under Implementation

Jabalpur Municipal Corporation has proposed projects for the creation of parking facilties at:

a) Niwad ganj Mandi.
b) Shri Nath ki Tallaiya.
c) Lord ganj Police Station .
d) Tilak Bhoomi ki Tallaiya.
e) Naudra Bridge over Omti Nallah.
f) Near Victoria hospital.
g) Gorakhpur.

3.7.  PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES :

Pedestrian facilities are one of the important components of the urban infrastructure. It not only gives the pedestrian space to walk, but also safeguard him in the high traffic.

3.7.1.  Deficiency Observed

The city lacks pedestrian facilities on almost all the streets and roads.

3.8.  SIGNAGES & HOARDINGS :

The city is a regional centre with good connectivity. The offices of several state and national level government offices like the State High Court, State Electricity Board, Post and telegraph workshop, two large universities, the Government's defense establishments are situated within the city. The city is also excellent tourist destination with various tourist places at close proximity. But there is no provision of signages and hoarding in the city regarding the location and tourist places and its history.

3.8.1.  Deficiency Observed

There are no signages and hoardings about the location and place as well about hygiene and cleanliness in the city. There is no display of the city map with tourist destinations in Jabalpur & nearby places at Bus Stand, Railway Station & Airport.

3.9.  DEVELOPMENT & BEAUTIFICATION OF TOURIST PLACES :

Development and beautification of a place is essential inorder to attract tourists. The places of high historical and tourists importance like Madan Mahal Fort and Balancing rocks are in very ugly form and needs proper development and beautification.

3.9.1.  Deficiency Observed

The tourist places are not maintained at all and Madan Mahal Fort, Balancing rock, Chausath Yogini Temple, etc are the live examples of negligence. One can find garbage dumps at the places. There are no dust bins, water coolers and toilet facilities. The places are not maintained to attract the attention of tourists.

3.9.2.  Projects Proposed

M.P Ecotourism Development Board and Archeological Survey of India have proposed the development and conservation of Madan Mahal Fort and Balancing rocks.

3.10.  DEVELOPMENT OF EXHIBITION HALL/CONVENTION CENTERS :

One of the easy ways to highlight a city on national or international map is to conduct and host national and international level sports and business activities there. This automatically helps develop other infrastructure in the city and promote tourism. It also helps in creating many employment opportunities. But there is no permanent exhibition ground/convention hall to hold conventions/exhibitions of national and international level.

3.10.1. Deficiency Observed

The city lacks any world-class sports complex or convention/exhibition center.

3.11.  AVAILABILITY OF LEAFLETS/PAMPHLETS :

Information leaflets are available only at the hotels of MP Tourism and the information books available with street hawkers are of cheap quality.

3.11.1. Deficiency Observed

Non-availability of the attractive leaflets/pamphlets providing reliable information about the monuments at the sites.

3.12.  SOUVENIR/HANDICRAFT SHOPS :

Handicraft/souvenir shops are favourite shopping places of tourists as they want to take home the memories of the place. There are few souvenir shops at Bhedaghat (marble handicraft items), but no big handicraft shop is found at Jabalpur.

3.12.1. Deficiency Observed

Apart from the government handicraft emporiums, there are no private handicraft/souvenir shops near the monuments. Most of the government emporiums near the monuments remain closed only.

3.13.  GUIDES :

Guides are ones who put life in the dead monuments and buildings by narrating their grand histories. No guide is available in Jabalpur. While only five guides are available in Bhedaghat.

3.13.1. Deficiency Observed

The city is devoid of guides and has very few number (5) number of guides in Bhedaghat.

3.14.  ENTERTAINMENT ACTIVITIES :

Entertainment activities, clubs, theme parks, recreation clubs, evening entertainment zones, discotheques, etc. add lust to the city and are necessary for development of any destination as tourist destination. Only boating facility and night boating during full moon day is available at Bhedaghat Marble rocks and water activities at Bargi Dam (Developed by MP Tourism). Apart from this, no other entertainment activity is available in the city

3.14.1. Deficiency Observed

The city lacks entertainment activities/centers, theme/fun parks, etc. Except for boating facility at Bhedaghat Marble Rocks and water activity at Bargi Dam (developed by MP Tourism) there are no night/evening entertainment activities in Jabalpur main city.

3.15.  SHOPPING MALLS :

The city is deficient in shopping malls and no good shopping plazas are found here. Only small retail outlets are available at all places. There is no chain of branded shopping outlet like big bazaar, etc in the city. (Three big shopping malls are under construction in the city)

3.15.1. Deficiency Observed

No big shopping malls or branded retail outlets are found in the city.

3.16.  MULTIPLEXES :

At present there is not even a single multiplex in the city. But work is in progress at three sites for the construction of multiplexes.

3.17.  FLYOVERS :

There are no flyovers in the city at the moment.

3.18.  SLUMS :

The number of households below poverty line in the city is 39% and 28.7 % of Jabalpur's population lives in around 331 slums. Only 22% and 15% of the slum population has access to individual water supply and individual toilets respectively. Whereas the remaining population in case of water supply is covered by public stand posts, the problem of sanitation is universal in the slums. People living in the slums in hilly areas of the city have to travel more than 150 m to get water.

3.19.  TOURIST POLICE :

Safety and security are the primary concern of any tourist. And tourist police plays a vital role in the tourism promotion by making the tourist feel safe and secure in the environment.

3.19.1. Deficiency Observed

The city has no tourist police station.

3.20.  CONDITION AT BUS TERMINAL, RAILWAY STATION & AIRPORT :

The bus terminal, railway station and airport are the first places which build/diminishes the image of the place. Tourists/visitors expect high quality infrastructure, escalators, information centers, map of the city, good shopping complexes and a clean environment at these places

Air connectivity is also very poor and it is not connected to other metro cities except for Mumbai and Delhi by air.

3.20.1. Deficiency Observed

Bus stands and railway station in the city are full of dirt and garbage dumps. It is difficult to locate the tourist offices and get the proper information. There is no display of city map or signages at bus stand, railway station and airport. One cannot find escalators at airport or railway station. Inadequate connectivity by air to major cities of the country

IV MANAGEMENT OF CIVIC SERVICES INCLUDING GARBAGE & SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL

4.1.  HYGIENE :

Hygiene is a very sensitive issue for tourists and plays an important role in tourism promotion. Clean environment and surroundings give nice feelings to the tourists about the place.

4.1.1.  Deficiency Observed

The hygiene condition in the city needs immediate attention. One can find garbage overflowing from the tank, spreading over road, at roadside, on bus stand, railway station, near monuments and everywhere else one could think of.

The situation is very awful at Balancing rock, Madan Mahal Fort, at the entrance of Chausath Yogini temple, bus terminal, railway station, within the city on main roads.

The drain water mixes at the Narmada river in Bhedaghat. The bathing and washing of cloths on the river banks at Bhedaghat has made the water very infectious and unclean.

4.2.  TOILET :

There are a total of 588 public toilet units in Jabalpur, comprising a total of 1,203 seats (588 for male and 615 for female users). Of these, MCJ maintains public toilets in most of the wards (994 seats - 485 and 509 for male and female users, respectively).

Sulabh Sauchalaya International, an NGO active in the sanitation sector, maintains a few public toilets (209 seats - 103 seats for male and 106 seats for female use). Of the total 588 public toilet units, about 103 are "pay-and-use" toilets, while 485 toilets are for free use.

There are toilets at all the tourist places of interest and one found near Bhedaghat is in horrible shape.

4.3.  DRINKING WATER FACILITY :

The drinking water facilities are not available at most of the tourist places. There is no drinking water facility at Madan Mahal Fort, Chausath Yogini Temple, balancing rock, etc.

4.4.  MODE OF SOLID WASTE AND GARBAGE DISPOSAL :

Approximately 411 tons of waste is generated everyday at a rate of 432 gpcd in Jabalpur. It is currently disposed through open dumping along a large water body called Ranital, located within the city. There is no scientific disposal of solid waste in Jabalpur.

There is no centralized sewerage network in the city and it thrives on septic tanks and low cost sanitation units. Still, only 60 % population has access to individual toilets. Sewerage is discharged into open drains leading to environmental problems.

4.4.1.  Deficiency Observed

Absence of clear demarcation between primary and secondary waste collection systems. Inadequate transportation capacity and absence of safe and hygienic disposal facility in the city.

There are 6 primary drains, 173 secondary drains and 995 km of tertiary drains in Jabalpur.

The city has a good natural drainage but the existing drainage system does not facilitate the drainage of storm water and there is occasional flooding in certain pockets of the city.

Solid waste collection suffers from poor handling and management (despite claiming a very high proportion of the municipal expenditure). In the absence of door-to-door collection, street sweeping is the primary mode of waste collection. The system is inadequate because of lack of proper collection points resulting in garbage heaps on roads and open grounds. Only 70% of the waste is collected and finally dumped in the open.

4.4.2.  Project Proposed

The Jabalpur Municipal Corporation has proposed a project for Solid waste Disposal system upgradation and implementation under JNNURM and is likely to be initiated at the earliest.

The upgradation system will include:

a) Increase door to waste collection performance.
b) Create waste transfer centres.
c) Scientific disposal method to be adopted
d) Educate people for segregation at the primary level.

V. IMPLEMENTATION AND MANAGEMENT OF ENVIRONMENT & FOREST RELATED PROJECTS

The city nestles with low hills all around which adds to the beauty of cityscape. The process of growth in urban activities is always a threat to the natural landscape. The Madan Mahal hill on south, A.O.C hills on east, Karia pather, Siddhababa hills on North East and Tilwara Ghat hills on the extreme south are Major open lung spaces which adds to the environment of the city. There are number of big and medium sized water bodies like Jabalpur Tank, Ranital, Tank etc. which are the back bone of ground water and adds to the environment of the city. The city has one of its own kind big forest within the municipal corporation limit on Dumna road near airport.

The pollution caused by heavy traffic of the vehicles in the city is causing environmental hazards. The defective mechanism of solid waste disposal and garbage dumps in the city area is worsening the situation of the environment.

5.1.  Projects proposed

Jabalpur Municipal Corporation has proposed a project and is implementing it with the financial assistance of ADB for the improvement of environment condition.

Municipal Corporation of Jabalpur (MCJ) visualizes 'Environment Vision- By 2021', to make significant improvements in all aspects of the urban environment and related standards of public health in its City Developmental Plan.

Environmental improvement of hillocks including the hills of Madan Mahal, Tilwaraghat, Kariyapather, Siddh Baba and Ranjhi Hills, the development of beautiful gardens at Khandari, Kataiya ghat and Gandhi Udyan at Tilwara ghat.

The action plan will include:

* Remove all encroachment from the hills.
* Dense plantation, preservation of slopes.
* Develop hills for city environment up gradation and recreation
* Landscape design of city level and colony level garden with
* fountains, plantation etc.
* Awareness program and public participation in colony gardens for development and maintenance.

M.P. Ecotourim Development Board has also proposed ecotourism development projects for Bargi, Bhedaghat, Madan Mahal and Dumna areas.

VI UPGRADATION OF ELECTRICAL AND WATER SUPPLY DISTRIBUTION INFRASTRUCTURE

The city's water supply comes from both surface (Khandari reservoir, Gaur River, Pariyat dam, Phagua nallah and the river Narmada) and underground sources (tube wells, open wells and hand pumps). Currently, MCJ draws 138,110 MLD of water from the three surface sources and 22.73 MLD from 418 tube wells, 1053 bore wells and 100 open wells. Unicipal Corporation Jabalpur (MCJ) supplies 36 MLD of water to bulk consumers outside its territorial jurisdiction.

The internal distribution of water in MCJ is organised through 25 water distribution stations, each with a storage reservoir. The total storage capacity of the 25 storage reservoirs is 46.12 ML. About 33 per cent of the total 157.50 MLD of treated surface and untreated sub-surface water (151 MLD and 6.50 MLD, respectively) is supplied by MCJ.

Water supply is available for only 2-3 hours a day, covering 40% of the city population. Average water supply is 85 lpcd. A percentage of water is unaccounted for (UFW), including 8% loss at source transmission and distribution losses. The city suffers from inequitable distribution resulting from low-pressure problems.

On completion of the augmentation of water supply of 120 mld, the total supply for city will be 270 mld which will be sufficient for the population and other demands up to 2025.

6.1.  Upgradation Plans

The following rehabilitation works have been planned for water supply systems of Jabalpur.

* Rehabilitation of WTPs at Ranjhi and Bongadwar with new chlorination building.
* Rehabilitation of Pariyat dam over flow and intake channel.
* Replacement/Rehabilitation of raw water transmission line from Khandhari
to Bongadwar and Pariyat to Ranjhi.
* Repairs to visible leaks in distribution and transmission network for pipelines dia of 300mm and above.
* Designing new network for Polipathar and Medical area tanks.
* Designing the new networks for areas under development.
* Zones and sub zoning of areas and suggesting the additional networks and boundary valves.
* Replacement of all AC pipes.
* Replacement of pumping machinery at clear water reservoir at Ranjhi and Fagua pumping station and other booster pumping station where the pumps are old and damaged badly.
* Re- construction of civil and mechanical works for Khatiaghat pumping station.
* Construction of 22 number service reservoirs at various locations in city.
* Carrying out UFW studies and remedial action in pilot area.
* Training the JMC staff in all fields of water Management skills.
* Procurement and installation of bulk metres.
* Construction of Intake structure for 332 Mld (for total balance allocation from
Narmada) and raw water pumping station and transmission main for 120 Mld.
* Construction of 120 Mld water treatment plant
* Construction of clear water pumping station and clear water raising main for 120 Mld.

6.2.  STREET LIGHTS IN JABALPUR

Sl

Description

Street Lights

   

Numbers

Percentage

A

Number of Poles

22628 

--

B

Number of Street Light Fixtures- by Type

   

1

High Mast Lamps

229

1.13

2

Sodium Vapor Lamps

7638

37.97

3

Mercury Vapor Lamps

590 

2.93

4

Tube Lights (40 W- 4')

11271

55.99

5

Bulbs

400

1.98

 

Total Fixtures 

20128

100.00

C

Vacant Poles

2500

--

Source: Municipal Corporation of Jabalpur


VII OBSERVATIONS AT TOURIST PLACES

Some of the observations at the tourist places revealed the below mentioned deficiencies:

7.1.  MADAN MAHAL FORT :

* No parking facility, on-street parking
* Shortage of signboards
* No sit outs/ benches
* Non availability of Leaflets/pamphlets
* No souvenir shop
* Non availability of guides
* Undeveloped hilly area full of shrubs & bushes on Fort
* Entry gate in bad condition.
* Poor Hygiene condition
* Garbage dumps at back side of fort
* No drinking water facility
* No restaurant
* Water pouches & garbage dumped on both the sides of stairs
* No toilet facility
* No arrangement for safety/security of visitors

7.2.  BALANCE ROCK :

* Very unclean & unhygienic
* No parking facility, on street parking
* No signboards
* No sit-outs/ benches
* Non availability of Leaflets/pamphlets
* No souvenir shop
* Non availability of guides
* No drinking water facility
* No restaurant
* Garbage dumps inside the campus

7.3. JABALPUR RAILWAY STATION :

* Poor hygiene condition
* Inadequate no. of dust bins
* No toilet facility at Platform No. 4
* No pre-paid booth for auto-richshaws.
* No city map of Jabalpur.

7.4.  SANGRAM SAGAR :

* Very poor hygiene condition
* No drinking water, restaurant, signboards, sit-outs/benches available
* No activities

7.5.  BAJNAMATH :

* No parking facility
* No souvenir shop
* Non availability of guides
* Poor hygiene condition
* Nuisance by Beggars
* No signboard about history & hygiene
* Garbage dump around the temple
* No toilet facility
* Need improvement in drinking water facility

7.6.  MALADEVI TEMPLE :

* Narrow approach road with heavy traffic congestion
* Poor hygiene condition
* Small temple
* Garbage dumps in front of temple
* No signboard about the history of temple
* No signboard about its location on highways
* Open drainage in front of temple with drain water flowing on roads
* No facility of drinking water, benches, etc

7.7.  JABALPUR BUS TERMINAL

* Garbage dumps at bus terminal.
* Unclean surroundings
* No proper toilet facility
* No drinking water facility
* No sit-outs/ benches
* No dustbin
* Unclean platform

7.8. MARBLE ROCK ( BOAT CLUB) :

* Need for improvement in hygiene condition
* No sit-outs/ benches
* Despite night lighting facility being available, no night lighting.
* No drinking water facility
* No dust bins
* Toilets are in very bad shape

7.9. BARGI DAM :

* Insufficient parking facility
* Poor hygiene condition
* No drinking water facility
* No sit-outs/ benches
* Poor condition of approach road
* Lack of garden
* No dust bins
* Inadequate transportation facilities

7.10.  BHEDAGHAT :

* Poor hygiene condition
* Improper drainage system- seweage water mixing with Narmada river water.
* No Tourist Information office
* Inadequate electric supply and power shortage/failures
* No proper parking facility

7.11. DHUANDHAR :

* Cleanliness is the major issue of concern
* No toilet facility
* Improper parking facility
* No park/garden in proximity area
* No dust bins
* No signages

7.12. CHAUSATH YOGINI :

* No drinking water facility
* No signage
* Non availability of guides
* No toilet facility
* No parking facility
* Garbage dumps at entrance gate

7. 13 PISANHARI KI MADIYA(JAIN TEMPLE)

* Poor hygiene condition near entrance gate
* Inadequate drinking water facility
* Insufficient parking facility
* No toilet facility
* No dust bin
* Lack of signages
* No informationleaflets/pamphlets
 


Prof. Sanjay Payasi
MSc, MCA, MBA, MPM, MDSE, FDP
Registrar
Maharana Pratap Group of Institutions
Amla, Amarpura Road, Near Ratibad, Bhopal (M.P) 462044
 

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Source: E-mail February 6, 2015

          

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