The Non-lecturing methods of Teaching


By

Dr. C. Muthuvelayutham
Asst. Professor
Department of Management Studies
Raja College of Engineering & Technology
Madurai-21
 


Introduction

The modern education system in higher education has opened up new vistas of teaching methodology and pedagogy for the teachers. No restrictions on the teacher to follow a particular method to impart the required knowledge and skills to the students. In India the usual method of teaching in higher education is lecturing method. But now-a-days the students prefer the teachers who are all following both lecturing and non lecturing methods of teaching to make them understand the concepts in a clear way.

This article attempts to list out the non-lecturing methods widely used in the academic circles.

Case study:

This is one of the oldest practices from Harvard school. All the management students learn the practical business situations from the various business case studies of all the global companies. In India in top Indian Institute of Management (IIM) on an average 2000 cases are being discussed and analyzed in the classroom. This gives the clear knowledge about the Business tactics needed when the student goes to the field.

Role-play:

This is also one of the modern techniques used to inculcate the real Internalization of the character and situation. Stepping in to one's shoes and acting like that will not come easily. But, this role-play method triggers you to act as such in the situation and like the person. The sales training skills are taught in that manner.

Management Games:

Games are always fun and exciting for all irrespective of age. The students will learn the concept and theory by funny way. The Games the participants play with interest and zeal. Normal lecturing method bores the students, the games help them to get away from the routine. When playing with vigour and zeal they will learn. But, here there is a risk, Students may miss the wood for trees. So the teacher has to complete by  linking the purpose of the game and the concept derived out of it. The involvement from the participants is cent per cent.

The games may be played indoor and outdoor. Varieties of games are available from ice breaking to risk taking.

Quiz:

Quiz is one of the techniques used to test the student's involvement and excitement in winning prizes. After Kaun Baneka Crorepathy students are overwhelmed to contest in quiz. In the market computerized Quiz packages available with count-down timings. Usually 2-4 members are made as a group, collective decision making skills are also injected.

Dummy money:

To Measure the risk taking ability of the students dummy currencies are given to them. They invest as real money in stocks, commodities and the like, at the end of the game the real risk taking ability of the participant is measured.  In some Institutions real money is also given by getting sponsor from corporate.

Films:

One of the Powerful tools is film. First the film is shown to the Participants. The teacher may ask the participants, what they have seen. Then the teacher can explain the concepts with the films message. For various management concepts various films are available to teach. It is the simplest way to impart. The film Lagoon is widely used to teach various management concepts like team work, managing crisis, facing challenges and the like.

Audio-visual:

This Audio-visual method is used extensively in classrooms for the lower level to higher-level courses. Audio alone also can be used separately. This practice keeps the audience in live wire throughout the sessions.

Simulation games:

Simulation games are in the rise in modern techniques. Rather than practical situation, the incubated, imaginary situations are created to solve with keen interest from the participants.

Other methods:

Anything other than full length lecturing, appropriate methods relevant to the concept can be decided by the faculty to make the participants understand and learn once and all.

Conclusion:

In lecturing a participant concentrates on the speaker for a shorter period. It is a one-way track. But, when we invoke other methods there is involvement and interest. Once, it is very exciting, the percentage of understanding the subject is sure. That's why in the modern education methods they are stressing the need to follow the non-lecturing methods to make a great impact on the minds of the participants.
 


Dr. C. Muthuvelayutham
Asst. Professor
Department of Management Studies
Raja College of Engineering & Technology
Madurai-21
 

Source: E-mail January 6, 2007

     

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