Transformational leadership: A Multidimensional tool in
leader member exchange


Ms. Vijit  A. Chaturvedi
Icfai National College

"Leadership" is the most common term used in all perspectives & dimensions whether in organization, politics or personal life. Since time immemorial a big debate on a perfect model & style of leadership along with the traits which could be made applicable has been going on. But it is next to impossible to imagine a 'Tailor made style' or approach towards this power game.

The success of a leader, an effective leader lies in not only commanding & delegating but carving this wonderful relationship immortal.

For making this true, a leader should not compartmentalize a pyramid cal relationship based on flow of orders& accomplishments but in true sense act as a role model by creating enthusiastic, thoughtful, result- oriented & dynamic leaders in all followers.

The leader should try his best to transform every follower into a dynamic representative of values, knowledge, ethics, firmness, equity, justice, flexibility & above all a lifelong & undying spirit of Learning.

With all such ingredients the (LM-X) Leader member exchange theory will prove fruitful

Defining Leadership: -

Leadership is all about….
Influencing -- People & Process
Molding -       Imperfect into perfect
Nourishing-   Techniques & values
Rewarding – For motivation & getting the task done
Retaining   -- Trusting & setting exemplary relation

But this should be matched with determination, firmness, facts, self-belief matched with

a) Positive Attitude
b) Perception-setting 
c) Motivating-pathway
d) Proving that leading is always a 2- way process of give & take.

To have great poets you should have great audience too

(A Bi- focal role setting for both leader & members)

It is no longer true that it is only the leader who formulates implements & evaluates. The full enrichment & contribution of the whole team makes every task a success. So the first & foremost quality a leader should instill in his followers is of "Self – Efficacy"

Self – efficacy refers to the level & perception of an individual about himself, the self perceived competence, capability of ones own self. Until this quality is enhanced, the inspirational motivation & self- determination remains overshadowed by fear of failure.

Essential features of self – efficacy

1 Centrality of the mission or the objective
2 Integration of plans & action
3 Proactively
4 Creativity
5 Linkage or inter–personal interaction and Team work
6 Super-ordination of goals
7 Influence
8 Growth of 'win – win' situation
9 Encouragement of openness for eliminating differences
10  Immediate X- ray approach to problems

A leader should focus on the following important techniques:

a)  Inspirational motivation
b)  Intellectual stimulation
c) Individualized consideration
d) Contingent reward
e) Management by exception
f) Avoidance of laissez faire leadership style
g)  The multi – factor & multi- pronged approach

So, it can be concluded that transformational leadership believes in ways of molding the followers into leaders with an approach of individual handling as per the capacity & goal of the followers.

It is not only in the professional scenario that leader member x-change occurs but is applicable in all spheres & relations whether of a parent – child , Teacher – Student , Boss – Subordinate , Commander – Soldiers etc…

It demands more efforts, commitment& effectiveness of both the leader & the follower which will truly result in "Leadership prevails in practice"

Ms. Vijit  A. Chaturvedi
Icfai National College

Source: E-mail July 10, 2007


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