Six Factors Model of Success:
Revolutionary Guidance to Enhance Productivity


By

Arun Mittal
MBA, M. Phil, PhD (Pursuing)
Faculty
Birla Institute of Technology (Deemed University)
Mesra Ranchi, Extension Center-Noida.
A-7, Sector-1, Noida (U.P.)
 


Abstract

Success is the sweetest thing in the world which comes by endless efforts and true commitment, takes happiness and more responsibilities for future. Success is that which can not be defined in standardized words. All have their separate opinions for this but this is very true that everybody wants to achieve it in life. Productivity becomes an asset of success, so that there is a great association between both the terms. More the productive a person is, more the successful he will be. Productivity here does not mean in the quantitative terms only, it is qualitative also. Hardworking people with smart thinking are considered the most productive, because they utilize their time in the best meanings and also give themselves the best way to go for actions. However not only this aspect but there are so many other aspects are also there which give a complete shape to the productivity-success relationship. The present paper explains an originally developed "Six Factors Model of Success" for enhancing productivity. This model has been developed exclusively by the author and has been tested in so many educational and other institutions. By this analysis it seems that this model will certainly give some light to the path of productivity.
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INTRODUCTION

Success is simply the realization and obtainment of a worthy ideal or result that your heart is deeply connected to it. Success is almost every time the result of productivity where we go forward with doing something materialistic with our real efforts and achieve something of some utility, value, and honor. The model discussed below shows a path to be more productive. This is a fundamental model and if honestly implemented it gives a surprise change in the level of productivity of everybody whether employees, teachers, students or a common person. The model suggests three DOs and three DON'Ts at workplace and in general lives, as well as the analysis of all with backward and forward linkages like what are the causes and effects and how they can be practically overcome.

Six Factors Model of Success:


                                                             
Figure: 1.1
    
(Model developed by Arun Mittal, Faculty, Birla Institute of Technology (Deemed University) EC-Noida.)

Positive Attitude

"The person, who is fighting with belief of victory in mind, is going to win."

The discussion starts with the Positive Attitude which can be certainly considered the most important aspect in this model and the very reason of starting the project and motivation of productivity. Positive attitude has been discussed so much in our ancient books, literature and almost in all the motivational books of management and other disciplines. So explaining it and giving its meaning is not a difficult task but now this is essential that how it can be used to enhance the productivity. No doubt that there is a great need to be positive in this competitive era. The project manager will only start a project when there are possibilities of success. So the first thing that employees must understand is the project is going to give them something. The starting is not everything however it is very important but in the case of implementation so many hurdles come in the way and facing them with positively is the only key to be productive and successful in the action. There are certain alternative positive strategies which can take one's mindset on the path of success:

1. If there are 99% chances of failure and 1% of success, even than I will go ahead because if I won't do, there are 100% chances of failure.

2. If I will not do I will not get.

3. There is nothing in the world without problems and those who do the work with problems get premiums (More profit than others).

4. Negativity will make me lazy and idle. This will waste of my energy and productivity.

5. Doing work with thinking for getting success similar to going for success.

6. Wherever you feel you are going to be negative analyze the full work and scene, you will find that you are not a looser.
7. Only positive people win. Remember your very last achievement and think about your positive thinking and hard work employed in that, you will get your answer.

8. All innovations and big things were started by innovators with very low or near to impossible chances of success.

9. Who are you to be negative? There are so many others with less resources, less knowledge and more adverse environment are they will do then why not you?

10.  If frustrated about results "Do Your Best Leave the Rest"

Hard Working with Smart Thinking

"I had 3 hours to cut a tree; I spent 2 in sharpening my axe."

Hard Working is simply defined here i.e. utilizing the full time, every minute and doing more and more quality work. A person is hardworking if he is not wasting his time, productive not only passing the time with work but also producing something and not having habit to avoid the things on which he must work and not with the habit to put today's work on tomorrow. The following diagramme will show the process of hardworking with smart thinking.


                                                                
Figure1.2

The above process conceptualizes how 'Smart Thinking' when mixed with 'Hard Work' can enhance overall efficiency and effectiveness and become a tonic to improve productivity. Smart thinking is basically a trick to accomplish a task by expending less energy, time and resources. The same work in less resources or more work in the same limited resources can be done with the help of smart thinking. This should be developed in the organization at all levels. The new and innovative ideas should be entertained by the top management and they should be screened and scrutinized, tested and implemented so that smarter ways of doing something can be identified.

Result Oriented Approach (ROA):

"Like Hanumanji Be Result Oriented, If you can not Recognize Sanjivani Deliver the Mountain."

ROA is the most important aspect in this materialized era. There are so many things in the world but the result is that which can make the thinking of others even opposite towards you sometimes. Take an example of a sales person who is very good in communication skills, very good personality features and he can firstly influence so many people or everybody he meets but he is not able to give sales to the organization as other. In this case that salesperson can not be admired for a long time. Result is that for which everybody waits, you, your organization and all those who are related and associated with you. You may not find resources you have to manage them, you are not feeling will then you have to feel will, you may not be finding the way of your choice, you have to adjust yourself but always think about results you can give any excuse about results.

This approach can be developed if always kept in mind. The world is waiting for results. Going back without results is like doing nothing and all efforts are still scattered. Management is used in the crisis; otherwise a lay man can do all if all the resources are provided and all the circumstances are favorable. Management works when there is some problem, some limitations and this is the truth of extraordinary work. Human beings are directed by an unconscious ego if that can be made conscious an ROA can be put in that, I claim ROA will become very practical and it will give the best results to the organization.

I have to do and I will do, are important but the concrete sentence is I will have to complete it and I will not stop until I do not get the results. There is a list of problems can be faced in the implementation and the executive person should always try to find best and closest alternative for that.

DON'Ts are those which are very popular among some many bad habits at workplace but these identified don'ts will try to integrate the roots of so many habits those become hurdles in the day to work, overall achievements and productivity. The practical description of the same is discussed as under:

Idle Time:

"Those who were sitting idle are still sitting at the same place. Their juniors got higher positions."

This is one of the worst times for workers when they pass their valuable hours in gossips rather than in productivity. Idle time is the time passed with performance at the workplace. There are some loops which are identified at workplace where an employee can pass his time. There are some characteristics of employees on the basis of them the employee can also be identified that he will pass his time idle.

1. A person who is very talkative

2. Emotional beyond a limit

3. Person who entertain other very easily without any purpose

4. Very curious about everything whether that may be of his/her use or not.

5.  The person who never bother for work

6. Not interested in the work assigned to him.

There are some places where the time can be passed by an employee; however for worker of front line it is very difficult, they have only one option that is to talk each other or sit idle. This will certainly reduce productivity. However in the middle level or functional level the person may pass time with boss, subordinates, colleagues and outsiders, even the canteen is also generator of Idle Time.

The discussion of idle time is very descriptive because identifying and killing of this is very difficult. There is one more reason and scientifically very important in this regard, that is inefficient implementation of planning.

Excuses:

"Excuses show you have given up; they stop your walk for goal"

An excuse, where it is accepted and entertained that workplace becomes unproductive. The deadline means deadline when it is crossed it becomes a matter of indiscipline and planning become a matter of laughter. Excuses come when an employee is not willing to work or there is some constraint, the first situation is more frequent and general and encountered many times. In Indian culture there is a great place for excuses and deadlines are not followed properly specially in government projects. The generation of excuses is first loss to the organization. But the danger occurs when excuses are accepted. It may happen when there is some soft corner for employee in the mind of boss or it is the culture of the organization. Students are mainly blamed in India for giving excuses but indeed excuses are everywhere in the general life and where there is something assigned to somebody. Excuses occur due to the following reasons:

1. When someone tries to avoid the work.

2. Lack of Confidence of completion of the work

3. False commitment

4. When others excuses are entertained

5. Habit of giving excuses

6. Loose control over the persons making excuse

7. Culture in the organization.

There are some situations in which excuses are entertained. If they are fair and the reason is justifiable (Which is very rare) the excuse can be accepted otherwise this habit can create a bad culture in the organization and if it moves further it creates problems forever. There is a small experience in this case once in an organization the 30 days were given to foremen for making annual report of the workers' performance. On the final day when reporting committee was collecting the reports and finding the names who have not submitted one foreman came and told some problem. One member of the committee (As all were on the same designation and chairperson was only for final reporting by the committee) enhanced the limit of days up to 35. It was wrong according to the norms. But no body opposed. After some time one more foreman came for with an excuse. The other member gave him further time up to 39 days. The former committee member opposed "No sir this much time can not be given, this is much beyond the rules" the later replied "You had broken the limit 5 days but I have only broken it 4 because the new deadline was automatically made by you of 35 days.

The above example clearly shows that when one limit is crossed due to excuses not only productivity falls but there so many other problems occur due to that and the acceptances of excuses are quoted as examples to demand and give more excuses.

Criticism:

Criticism of others always keep us away from knowing facts about overselves, rather it gives great chances to others for improvement.

Criticism of Others is not directly concerned with low productivity, but it sometimes works for making excuses. Criticism includes pointing out bad things, bad word of mouth about resources available in the organization, managerial policies, work culture, colleagues, seniors, juniors and so on. A critic with only negative approach and see only one aspect of the thing and it may lead him not to work and to de motivate others also. If a person is a critic and also the adopter of bad things of others by making excuses by criticism for example "Boss comes late" is a bad habit and one adopts this habit by giving example of boss. He will not see the good attributes of his boss but only this thing and if he will also try to come late after some time that person will become like a dustbin, which is the box of dirty things. Further criticism does not benefit anybody in any case. There is a famous saying "When you criticize someone just think what your benefit is." Certainly no. Almost all have this habit to find a chance or a gap for excuses, to quote examples and to save themselves.

CONCLUSION

Six factor model of success is directly concerned with the human psychology and that is one of the most important parts of work. In fact this is the most important thing to start a work and to execute. When Arujuna in Mahabharta refused to fight, Lord Krishna gave him the message of Gita to change his mindset and to take him on the path of "Karma". Human mind always wants some direction to work. There are so many books related to the motivation but finding precise material on productive minds is very difficult. Six Factor Model of Success has given some guidance in this regard. There is no shortcut of life start the work with positive attitude do it with devoting you full time, be smart and result oriented, do not waste the time, no excuses and criticism of others. This message can make a person not only productive but successful in life.

Once an M.B.A. Student asked a question to Mr. AVS Rao, DGM Marketing Surya Roshni Limited (Pipe Division), after his motivational presentation on attitude. The question was "How we can overcome the difference between knowing the things and doing the things" He thought for a while, praised the questioner, by saying 'great' and answered "Dear, you have to implement the idea, advices or good messages from the very next second of your life, only then you will be able to overcome this difference." With the same message we can wish for the implementation of the model and for better productivity and success.
 


Arun Mittal
MBA, M. Phil, PhD (Pursuing)
Faculty
Birla Institute of Technology (Deemed University)
Mesra Ranchi, Extension Center-Noida.
A-7, Sector-1, Noida (U.P.)
 

Source: E-mail February 21, 2008

          

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