Facets of Training


By

Ms. J. Indumathi
Final MBA
SNR Institute of Management Sciences
SNR Sons College (Autonomous)
Coimbatore-641 006
 


INTRODUCTION

The training is an important aspect which is needed for an organisation before commencement of any work. Training is gaining an importance in today's business world. In the past days the organisation does not give much importance for the training programs. But now a day they separate department for training in the organisation. The training is given to all level of employees.

MEANING

Training is that a program which is conducted by the company for the employees to improve their knowledge and efficiency for the job in which they are indulged. Training is defined b various authors in different ways and the methods of training also differ.

NEED FOR TRAINING

* Training is provided to the employees in order to increase their efficiency.
* It also helps them to increase the skill and their knowledge.

OBJECTIVE OF TRAINING

When the need for training is identified, objectives should be set. Each and every process has its own objective.

* They should predict what types of problems may occur.
* The proper and correct teams for training have to be selected.
* The employees who need training must be selected.
* The supervisors must be given proper training to communicate and handle he employees.
* Refresher courses on safety procedures must be provided.

METHODS OF TRAINING

The training is given to all levels of employees in an organisation. There are certain types of training which are being given in most of the organisation.

Training may be classified as follows.

I. On- the job training

II.  OFF THE JOB TRAINING

I. On the job training

This type of training is conducted when the employees are in the job. It helps the employees to know the effects of the training easily. It also provides good knowledge. It is used primarily to teach workers how to do their current jobs in an effective & efficient manner. It can be further classified into

1. Job Rotation

In this kind of training the employees is moved from one job to another. It automatically helps the employees to gain more experience and also trained in all type of job. This training can only be done when the employees are in the job situation. They may not get bored with their jobs.

2. Apprenticeship training

These types of training may cause a good technical knowledge to the employees. Mostly it is suitable for only certain employees. It may be suitable for the fields like plumbers, carpenters, electricians.

II. OFF- THE JOB TRAINING

In this type of training the employee is separated from the job situation and his attention is fully focused on the training. The employees can concentrate on a whole in the training program so that he may learn easier.

1. Vestibule training

The work situation is being setup, inside a class room. The materials and equipment for the training is being provided to the employees. The actual job performance of the employees after the training is being calculated. This helps the organisation to improve their employees and make them to work efficiently than before.

2. Lecture method

This method is the oldest and traditional method. Lecture method is done by giving a lecture he gives the materials to a group of people who ever attends the lecture. For this a specialist is appointed because the lecture must be effective. This can be done for a large number of people at the same time.

3. Conference / discussion approach.

This type of training is as closely related to the lecture method. The trainer gives training to the employees through lecture method. They are allowed to clear their doubts by asking their questions to the trainer. It may be even through video conferencing and audio taping etc.

CONCLUSION

The organisation should plan the type of training which have to be given to the employees. The training chosen must be based on the requirement of the employees in the organisation.
 


Ms. J. Indumathi
Final MBA
SNR Institute of Management Sciences
SNR Sons College (Autonomous)
Coimbatore-641 006
 

Source: E-mail January 19, 2009

 

         

 

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